Macroscopic anisotropic Brownian motion is related to the directional movement of a “Universe field”


Brownian motion was discovered by the botanist Robert Brown in 1827, and the theoretical model of Brownian motion has real-world applications in fields such as mathematics, economics, physics and biology. It is the presumably random motion of particles suspended in a liquid or a gas that results from their bombardment by fast-moving atoms or molecules, but the exact mechanism of Brownian motion still remains one of the unresolved mysteries in physics. Here circadian and seasonal changes in long-term macroscopic anisotropic (asymmetric) Brownian motion of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water in two dimensions were identified, suggesting that such an anisotropic Brownian motion may be related to an effect of the directional movement of “Universe field”, and thereby providing new interpretations and potential applications of Brownian motion.

Share and Cite:

Dai, J. (2014) Macroscopic anisotropic Brownian motion is related to the directional movement of a “Universe field”. Natural Science, 6, 54-58. doi: 10.4236/ns.2014.62009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Einstein, A. (1905) On the movement of small particles suspended in stationary liquids required by the molecular-kinetic theory of heat. Annals of Physics, 322, 549560.
[2] Callen, H.B. and Welton, T.A. (1951) Irreversibility and generalized noise. Physical Review, 83, 34-40.
[3] Evans, D.J. and Searlesd, J. (2002) The fluctuation theorem. Advances in Physics, 51, 1529-1585.
[4] Carberry, D.M., Reid, J.C., Wang, G.M., Sevick, E.M., Searles, D.J. and Evans, D.J. (2004) Fluctuations and irreversibility: An experimental demonstration of a second law-like theorem using a colloidal particle held in an optical trap. Physical Review Letters, 92, Article ID: 140601.
[5] Taniguchi, T. and Cohen, E.G.D. (2008) Nonequilibrium steady state thermodynamics and fluctuations for stochastic systems. Journal of Statistical Physics, 130, 633-667.
[6] Mazo, R.M. (2009) Brownian motion: Fluctuations, dynamics and applications. Oxford University Press, New York.
[7] Cecconi, F., Cencini, M., Falconi, M. and Vulpiani, A. (2005) Brownian motion and diffusion: From stochastic processes to chaos and beyond. Chaos, 15, Article ID: 26102.
[8] Hanggi, P. and Marchesoni, F. (2005) Introduction: 100 years of Brownian motion. Chaos, 15, Article ID: 26101.
[9] Bunimovich, L.A. and Sinai, Y.G. (1981) Statistical properties of Lorentz gas with periodic configuration of scatterers. Communications in Mathematical Physics, 78, 479-497.
[10] Li, T., Kheifets, S., Medellin, D. and Raizen, M.G. (2010) Measurement of the instantaneous velocity of a Brownian particle. Science, 328, 1673-1675.
[11] Huang, R., Chavez, I., Taute, K.M., Luki, B., Jeney, S., Raizen, M.G. and Florin, E.-L. (2011) Direct observation of the full transition from ballistic to diffusive Brownian motion in a liquid. Nature Physics, 7, 576-580.
[12] Dai, J. (2012) Universe collapse model and its roles in the unification of four fundamental forces and the origin and the evolution of the universe. Natural Science, 4, 199-203.
[13] Strogatz, S.H. (1994) Nonlinear dynamics and chaos: With applications to physics, biology, chemistry, and engineering. Perseus Books, Massachusetts.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.