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The Evaluation of Dexterity and a Theory of the Growth of a Firm

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DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.43A025    3,636 Downloads   5,396 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Determining which production resources embody various business skills is a very important issue not only for the investment function theory but for the theory of firm. Uzawa regards these nurtured skills as being entirely attributed to real capital and establishes a microeconomic foundation for Tobin’s [1] q theory. However, it is quite ambiguous how skills are embodied into real capital in Tobin-Uzawa theory, whereas, it seems natural that such skills are acquired by employees both explicitly and implicitly through learning by doing (Arrow [2]) and/or formal education within a firm. Thus, we deal with labor as the quasi-fixed production resource instead of real capital. We set the objective function of a firm as the discounted sum of the surplus from skilled employees, and solve the optimal path of accumulation of intangible skills by deploying an elementary calculus of variation owing to Uzawa [3]. We obtain the following results. First, we obtain human-capital’s q theory of the investment function that emphasizes the importance of internalization of the positive externality from skilled labor force to real capital. We call such an externality “the dexterity of employees”. Second, we consider the case where an employer regards his firm as a standard neoclassical type. The term of standard neoclassical type means that every production resource is marketable and easily substitutable. In such a case, since the contribution of the dexterity is neglected, the employer recognizes his production function is not constant return but decreasing returns to scale. As a result, the equilibrium growth rate of such a firm becomes zero in the long run. This finding implies that it is crucial for sustaining the growth of a firm to evaluate the (non-market- able) dexterity of employees correctly.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Otaki, "The Evaluation of Dexterity and a Theory of the Growth of a Firm," Modern Economy, Vol. 4 No. 3A, 2013, pp. 226-229. doi: 10.4236/me.2013.43A025.

References

[1] J. Tobin, “A General Equilibrium Approach to Monetary Theory,” Journal of Money Credit and Banking, Vol. 1 No. 1, 1969, pp. 15-29. doi:10.2307/1991374
[2] K. J. Arrow, “The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing,” Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1962, pp.155-173. doi:10.2307/2295952
[3] H. Uzawa, “Time Preference and the Penrose Effect in a Two-Class Model of Economic Growth,” Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 77, No. 4, 1969, pp. 628-652. doi:10.1086/259554
[4] M. Otaki, “A Keynesian Endogenous Growth Model with a Rigorous Microeconomic Foundation,” Theoretical Economics Letters, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2012, pp. 278-282. doi:10.4236/tel.2012.23051
[5] M. Otaki and H. Yaginuma, “The Growth of the Firm and Accumulation of Human Capital: The Conflict between the Managerial Right and the Growth of the Firm,” DBJ Discussion Paper Series No. 1208, Research Institute of Capital Formation, Development Bank of Japan, 2012.
[6] R. H. Coase, “The Nature of the Firm,” Economica, Vol. 4, No. 16, 1937, pp. 386-405. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0335.1937.tb00002.x

  
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