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Cobalt Recovery from Waste Catalysts (Petroleum Refining Industry from Gujarat)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmetal.2012.21004    5,215 Downloads   11,732 Views   Citations


A hydrometallurgical process has been developed for cobalt recovery from a waste catalyst (petroleum refining industry). This waste catalyst containing about 2.18 weight % of Co, is highly contaminated by Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo. The major steps are: (I) The spent catalyst is roasted with flux material in an electrical furnace at very high temperature (700?C) for a specific duration. (II) The roasted sample is leached with sulphuric acid to bring the metal contents into solution form. (III) For separating cobalt values from the leach solution, the solution pH is raised by NaOH addition, where all cobalt content is precipitated at a pH of about 12. (IV) This cobalt hydroxide precipitate is filtered and dissolved in minimum amount of sulphuric acid to get cobalt sulphate solution which is used as the electrolyte for the electrolytic recovery of cobalt. For optimizing various parameters like (1) H2SO4 concentration; (2) Duration; (3) Cobalt concentration; (4) Current density; (5) Temperature; (6) Stirring etc., The particle surface morphology and deposited layers have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A compact metallic deposit containing 70% cobalt was obtained.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

P. Sivasakthi and N. Sathaiyan, "Cobalt Recovery from Waste Catalysts (Petroleum Refining Industry from Gujarat)," Open Journal of Metal, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 24-30. doi: 10.4236/ojmetal.2012.21004.


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