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Biosensors for Pesticide Detection: New Trends

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2012.33030    16,897 Downloads   34,599 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Due to the large amounts of pesticides commonly used and their impact on health, prompt and accurate pesticide analysis is important. This review gives an overview of recent advances and new trends in biosensors for pesticide detection. Optical, electrochemical and piezoelectric biosensors have been reported based on the detection method. In this review biosensors have been classified according to the immobilized biorecognition element: enzymes, cells, antibodies and, more rarely, DNA. The use of tailor-designed biomolecules, such as aptamers and molecularly imprinted polymers, is reviewed. Artificial Neural Networks, that allow the analysis of pesticide mixtures are also presented. Recent advances in the field of nanomaterials merit special mention. The incorporation of nanomaterials provides highly sensitive sensing devices allowing the efficient detection of pesticides.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Sassolas, B. Prieto-Simón and J. Marty, "Biosensors for Pesticide Detection: New Trends," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 210-232. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2012.33030.

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