Inner speech, secondary planner in Tower of London task in natural old age


In this study the mechanical version of the three-disk Tower of London task with changes in the movements was conducted by fifteen elderly participants with concurrent articulatory suppression. Also, this executive task was conducted without verbal secondary task and the results of these two states were com- pared with each other. From this comparison, got evidences based on inner speech role in more complicated Tower of London tasks, although in general, the results suggest a more outstanding role of inner scribe in spatial planning in this executive task. Then inner speech and inner scribe roles have been described in Tower of London task applying “Baddeley and Logie” working memory model.

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Atabati, M. , Jahangiri, N. and Mokhber, N. (2012) Inner speech, secondary planner in Tower of London task in natural old age. World Journal of Neuroscience, 2, 47-56. doi: 10.4236/wjns.2012.21008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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