Open Journal of Political Science

Volume 9, Issue 2 (April 2019)

ISSN Print: 2164-0505   ISSN Online: 2164-0513

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.9  Citations  

The Impact of Political Reforms in Improving Quality Health Services: The Case Study of Shamva District

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DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.92023    129 Downloads   268 Views  
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ABSTRACT

Zimbabweans continue to experience challenges in combating communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, diarrheal diseases, and HIV/AIDS. The country’s health sector decentralisation implementation is moving at a snail’s speed, triggering complaints of unsatisfactory service delivery at rural health centres. The study examined the impact of political reforms in improving quality health services in Shamva District. The identified political reforms were decentralisation and the second republic that emerged in November 2018 that embraced the 100-day plans approach, civil service reform agenda, development of transitional stabilisation plan and vision 2030 agenda. The study was guided by interpretive and critical post-modernist paradigms. Qualitative methodology was utilised; key informant interviews, focus group discussion and desk reviews were data generation tools that were utilised. The data generated were analysed using grounded theory. The key findings are that decentralisation enabled district health officials to interact with communities through social accountability strategies such as community scorecard, results-based financing and village health worker model that is implemented in Shamva District by Civil Society Organisations. The second republic political reforms enforced the user fee policy in the health sector and focused on improving primary health care. The political reforms led to improved health rights knowledge of communities and quality health services in Shamva District. The study concluded that lack of continuous funding and sustainable plans led to the reversal of positive results that were brought in by the political reforms. The major recommendation is that government should understand that service delivery is not poor by accident; rather it is a symptom of the underlying institutional environment and political economy analysis should be done to address the real blockages in health sector.

Cite this paper

Gumbo, O. (2019) The Impact of Political Reforms in Improving Quality Health Services: The Case Study of Shamva District. Open Journal of Political Science, 9, 419-433. doi: 10.4236/ojps.2019.92023.

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