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Epidemiological and Histological Aspects of Women Genital Cancers in Côte d’Ivoire

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.49073    3,716 Downloads   4,452 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Genital cancers in women play an important role in cancer pathology in the developing countries. Objectives: This study aimed at clarifying the epidemiological and histopathological aspects of woman genital cancers in C?te d’Ivoire. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study conducted in the anatomical pathology laboratories of the university hospitals in Abidjan. The study was carried out over a period of twenty-four years (1984-2007). The variables studied were: frequency, age, histological type and prognosis. Results: Genital cancers in women accounted for 41.28% (n = 2491) of cancer in women and 21% of cancers. The average age of patients was 46.65 years (range 2 - 88 years). The cervix (82.85%) was the main location followed by the ovary (8.6%). Histologically, carcinomas (92.93%) were the most common types of sarcomas. Cervical cancers were diagnosed at an average age of 47.36 years (range 2 to 88 years). Carcinomas were the predominant histological type (92.88%) with 57.4% (n = 450) diagnosed at pT2N0M0 stage. The average age of patients bearing ovarian cancer was 39.13 years (range 8 to 82 years).Common malignant epithelial tumours were the most common histological type (57.48%) (n = 123) followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma (14.95%). Conclusion: Genital cancers in women are common and poorly prognosed in Cote d’Ivoire. The adoption of a policy of routine screening is needed to improve the prognosis of these tumours.

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N’Dah, K. , Doukoure, B. , Troh, E. , Aman, N. , Koffi, K. , Kouamé, A. , Effi, A. , D’Horpock, A. and Diomande, M. (2014) Epidemiological and Histological Aspects of Women Genital Cancers in Côte d’Ivoire. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 516-523. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.49073.

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