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Periodicity of Cycle Time in a U-Shaped Production Line with Heterogeneous Workers under Carousel Allocation

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DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2009.24031    5,041 Downloads   8,546 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A U-shaped production line with multiple machines and multiple workers is considered under carousel allocation in which all workers take charge of all machines in the same order. Nakade and Ohno (2003) show that, when the processing, operation and walking times are constant, the overall cycle time, which is a time interval between successive outputs of finished goods, is the greatest value of the maximal sum of the processing and operation times among machines and the time required for a worker to operate and walk around the production line without waiting for processing divided by the number of workers. In this paper, it is considered that operation times at each machine may be different between workers. If processing time is short, it is expected that the overall cycle time will be equal to the time for a worker to operate and walk around the line divided by the number of workers. However, under some specified cases, the overall cycle time is longer than that of this time, and the overall cycle time changes periodically. From numerical examples, it is shown that the order of arrivals of workers at machine 1 affects the overall cycle time. We give some properties on the periodicity of cycle times and discuss about cycle times.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Hiraiwa and K. Nakade, "Periodicity of Cycle Time in a U-Shaped Production Line with Heterogeneous Workers under Carousel Allocation," Journal of Service Science and Management, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2009, pp. 265-269. doi: 10.4236/jssm.2009.24031.

References

[1] Y. Monden, “Toyota production system,” An integrated Approach, 3rd edition, Engineering and Management Press, Georgia, 1998.
[2] G. J. Miltenburg, “One-piece flow manufacturing on u-shaped production lines: A tutorial,” IIE Transactions, Vol. 33, pp. 303–321, 2001.
[3] K. Nakade and K. Ohno, “Separate and carousel type allocations of workers in a U-shaped production line,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 145, pp. 403–424, 2003.
[4] K. Nakade and R. Nishiwaki, “Optimal allocation of heterogeneous workers in a U-shaped Production Line,” Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 54, pp. 432– 440, 2008.

  
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