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Effect of Vitamins on In Vitro Organogenesis of Plant

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.25080    10,762 Downloads   25,715 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Vitamins are necessary compounds synthesized and utilized in plants. In tissue culture media, vitamin addition is not always common; since the amount needed by plants is relatively unknown and varies. Vitamins, in combination with other media constituents, have been shown to have direct and indirect effects on callus growth, somatic growth, rooting, and embryonic development. For example, different studies have shown that thiamine is associated with cytokinin and has a role in inducing callus growth and rooting. Moreover, thiamine was essential in facilitating the production of more secondary metabolites such as proteases in pineapple. Both biotin and riboflavin play a role in callus development as well. Specifically, riboflavin exerts different effects on plant rooting either positively and negatively. Vitamin D known to cause uptake of calcium in animal tissue, exerts a similar effect in plants. In addition, vitamin D causes cell elongation and meristematic cell division. Vitamin C, known for its anti-oxidative properties, has also enhanced shoot growth and rooting.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

P. Abrahamian and A. Kantharajah, "Effect of Vitamins on In Vitro Organogenesis of Plant," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 669-674. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2011.25080.

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