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Modeling of the Chemico-Physical Process of Protonation of Molecules Entailing Some Quantum Chemical Descriptors

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DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2011.12012    4,129 Downloads   8,645 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Relying upon the basic tenets of scientific modeling, an ansatz for the evaluation of proton affinity of mole-cules are evolved in terms of a four component model. The components of the model chosen are global de-scriptors like ionization energies, global softness, electronegativity and electrophilicity index. These akin quantum mechanical descriptors of atoms and molecules are linked with the charge rearrangement and polarization that occur during the physico-chemical process of protonation of molecules. The suggested ansatz is invoked to compute the protonation energy of as many as 43 compounds of diverse physico-chemical nature viz, hydrocarbons, alcohols, carbonyls, carboxylic acids, esters, aliphatic amines and aromatic amines. A detailed comparative study of theoretically evaluated protonation energies of the above mentioned molecules vis-à-vis their corresponding experimental counterparts reveals that there is a close agreement between the theory and experiment. Thus the results strongly suggest that the proposed modeling and the ansatz for computing PA, the proton affinity, of molecules for studying the physico-chemical process of protonation may be valid proposition.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Rajak, N. Islam and D. Ghosh, "Modeling of the Chemico-Physical Process of Protonation of Molecules Entailing Some Quantum Chemical Descriptors," Journal of Quantum Information Science, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 87-95. doi: 10.4236/jqis.2011.12012.

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