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Pelvic pain in endometriosis: is success of therapy gone in cigarette smoke?

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.39098    3,606 Downloads   6,799 Views  

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to assess potential individual factors influencing the efficacy of combined surgical and medical therapy in en-dometriosis patients with pelvic pain. For this purpose we performed a prospective study using a specifically designed questionnaire among patients suffering from persistent pelvic pain and undergoing laparoscopy and further GnRH analogue therapy in a university-based gyne-cologic department. Eighty-one women of re-productive age with histologically confirmed endometriosis were enrolled. A questionnaire gathered information from women on the fol-lowing groups of variables: age, marital status, education, reproductive and medical history including previous pregnancies and parity, knowledge of accompaniing pelvic disorders, concurrent cigarette smoking, as well as general quality of life estimates including self-image. Pelvic pain was scored using a visual analogue scale. Patients filled out the questionnaires before surgery and upon completing medical therapy. Data were statistically evaluated. After cessation of therapy, 53% of patients reported absence of pain. Only 12% of pain-free patients were smokers. This corresponded to slightly more than one third (35%) of all smokers in the study. However, 56% of non-smoker participants reported a positive outcome that proved to be significantly larger than the ratio of pain-free smoker participants (p = 0.02). Improvement in quality of life was reported by 74% of all patients, and only 9% of them were smokers. However, 47% were smokers among patients reporting no change or worsening in quality of life (p < 0.01). Based on our results, we can conclude, that regular smoking might have a disadvantageous impact on the success rate of combined surgical and medical therapy for endometriosis related pelvic pain.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Koppan, A. , Hamori, J. , Vranics, I. , Garai, J. , Kriszbacher, I. , Bodis, J. , Oehmke, F. , Tinneberg, H. and Koppan, M. (2011) Pelvic pain in endometriosis: is success of therapy gone in cigarette smoke?. Health, 3, 571-576. doi: 10.4236/health.2011.39098.

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