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Ceruloplasmin levels in human sera from various diseases and their correlation with patient’s age and gender

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2009.12017    5,130 Downloads   9,996 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Ceruloplasmin (Cp), a copper metalloprotein in human serum has been a valuable diagnostic marker in Wilson’s disease where Cp levels tend to be low while high levels in serum were asso-ciated with myocardial infarction, neoplastic and inflammatory conditions. There is no stan-dardized reference method for Cp and current immunologic and bichromatic assays have a number of drawbacks. The method described here uses immunoaffinity chromatography to remove six of the most abundant proteins from a serum sample and high-pressure liquid chro- matography (HPLC) with a size-exclusion col-umn to separate Cp from other serum proteins and any free Cu prior to analysis of 63Cu and 65Cu by inductively-coupled plasma mass spec-trometry (ICPMS). Identification of Cp is based on retention time match of the unknown protein in the serum sample with the Cp external stan-dard and the presence of 63Cu and 65Cu at a ratio of 2.2 ± 0.1. The method accuracy, as estab-lished independently by two of the authors with a reference serum certified for Cp, is 98 to 101% and the coefficient of variation is 6.4% and 5.4%, respectively. The assay was used to analyze a total of 167 human sera for Cp from patients with myocardial infarction (MI), pulmonary em-bolism (PE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), other forms of ar-thritis, and a set of healthy patients as normal controls (NC). Our data show that Cp concen-trations tend to be higher in MI, RA, and SLE patients, higher in female as compared to male patients, and we did not observe a correlation between Cp concentration and patient’s age for the set of 70 patients for which we had gender and age information.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Lopez-Avila, V. , H. Robinson, W. and Lokits, K. (2009) Ceruloplasmin levels in human sera from various diseases and their correlation with patient’s age and gender. Health, 1, 104-110. doi: 10.4236/health.2009.12017.

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