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Water Pollution and Environmental Governance of the Tai and Chao Lake Basins in China in an International Perspective

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.710067    3,319 Downloads   3,963 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Tai and Chao Lake basins are currently facing a serious water pollution crisis associated with the absence of an effective environmental governance system. The water pollution and the water governance system of the two basins will be compared. The reasons for water pollution in both basins are similar, namely the weak current water environmental governance system cannot deal with the consequences of the rapidly growing economy. China’s water governance system is a complicated combination of basin management with both departmental management and regional management. There is an absence of legal support and sound coordination mechanisms, resulting in fragmented management practices in the existing water environmental governance system. A comparison is made for the Tai and Chao Lake basins and Canada, France, the United Kingdom and the United States. Based on China’s present central-local governance structure and departmental system, an integrated reform of basin level and water environmental governance in China should learn from international experiences. The reforms could consist of improved governance structures, rebuilding authoritative and powerful agencies for basin management, strengthening the organizational structure of the basin administrations, improving legislation and regulatory systems for basin management and enhancing public participation mechanisms.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Qiu, L. , Dijk, M. and Wang, H. (2015) Water Pollution and Environmental Governance of the Tai and Chao Lake Basins in China in an International Perspective. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 830-842. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.710067.

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