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Plant Regeneration Through Indirect Somatic Embryogenesis in Coelogyne Cristata Orchid

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22028    7,056 Downloads   14,860 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A newly efficient protocol has been established for high frequency somatic embryogenesis through callus culture of Coelogyne cristata. The best frequency of callusing was obtained from leaf segments (3-5 mm) cultured on the MS medium supplemented with 2 mg?L–1 2,4-D and 2 mg?L–1 BA combination. A negative effect of coconut water was ob-served on the callus induction medium. When callus lines no. 4, 6 and 8 induced from leaf segments were sub-cultured separately on ½ MS and MS media containing AC (1-3 g?L–1), formation of somatic embryos was found. However, percentages of embryo formation and the number of embryos per explants were strongly affected by media and callus lines used. The effect of 1/2 MS media is definitely better than MS medium for somatic embryogenesis from the selected lines of leaf derived callus. Among the callus lines, line no. 4 is the best for somatic embryogenesis followed by line no. 6 and 8. The somatic embryos converted into healthy plants with well developed shoots on the same media. The plant-lets were transferred to 1/2 MS medium containing 1 g?L–1 AC for plant regeneration until 8 weeks of culture and successfully acclimatized in the greenhouse.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Naing, J. Chung and K. Lim, "Plant Regeneration Through Indirect Somatic Embryogenesis in Coelogyne Cristata Orchid," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 262-267. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22028.

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