Qualitative Process Evaluation of a Social Support Educational Program for Youths


We evaluated the development of a social support educational program on future supporters. The intervention trained youths in their 20s and 30s who are providing or will provide social support to mentally vulnerable youths. We conducted brief interviews with 69 participants, analyzing data through content analysis. Most participants found the program useful in terms of meeting new peers, gaining new techniques for supporting others, relaxing through meeting peers, and assuring their competence to support others. There were concepts that participants developed, but were not aware of until the program concluded. To accomplish its goals, more effective publicity is necessary.

Share and Cite:

Kasahara-Kiritani, M. , Masuda, F. and Ishii, A. (2015) Qualitative Process Evaluation of a Social Support Educational Program for Youths. Health, 7, 390-396. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.73044.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Nock, M.K., et al. (2008) Suicide and Suicidal Behavior. Epidemiologic Reviews, 30, 133-154.
[2] Wasserman, D., Cheng, Q. and Jiang, G.-X. (2005) Global Suicide Rates among Young People Aged 15-19. World Psychiatry, 4, 114.
[3] Patton, G.C., et al. (2009) Global Patterns of Mortality in Young People: A Systematic Analysis of Population Health Data. Lancet, 374, 881-892.
[4] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington (2013) COD Visualization.
[5] The Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (2014) White Paper on Suicide Prevention Tokyo.
[6] Bureau of Social Welfare and Public Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Government (2006) A Survey of Current Living Conditions of Citizens in Tokyo. Tokyo.
[7] Van Ginneken, N., et al. (2013) Non-Specialist Health Worker Interventions for the Care of Mental, Neurological and Substance-Abuse Disorders in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 11, Article ID: CD009149.
[8] The Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (2014) Suicide Prevention.
[9] Federation of Inochi No Denwa Inc. (2014)
[10] Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan (2011) Kokoro mo mentesi you.
[11] Schomerus, G., Matschinger, H. and Angermeyer, M.C. (2009) The Stigma of Psychiatric Treatment and Help-Seeking Intentions for Depression. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 259, 298-306.
[12] Brohan, E., Slade, M., Clement, S. and Thornicroft, G. (2010) Experiences of Mental Illness Stigma, Prejudice and Discrimination: A Review of Measures. BMC Health Services Research, 10, 80.
[13] Nonprofit Organization Light Ring. (2014)
[14] Riessman, F. (1965) The “Helper” Therapy Principle. Social Work, 10, 27-32.
[15] Sarason, I.G., Levine, H.M., Basham, R.B. and Sarason, B.R. (1983) Assessing Social Support: The Social Support Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 127-139.
[16] George, L.K., Blazer, D.G., Hughes, D.C. and Fowler, N. (1989) Social Support and the Outcome of Major Depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 478-485.
[17] Gottlieb, B.H. (1982) Mutual-Help Groups: Members’ Views of Their Benefits and of Roles for Professionals. Prevention in Human Services, 1, 55-67.
[18] Pope, C., Ziebland, S. and Mays, N. (2000) Analysing Qualitative Data. Vol. 320.
[19] Japanese Association of Industrial Counseling (2014) Ethical Guidelines for Researches [in Japanese].
[20] Matsui, Y., Ed. (2001) Indicatio/Clinical Mental Health Scales [Kokoro no kenkou wo hakaru (tekiou/rinshou)]. Vol. 3, Saiensu-Sha Co., Ltd. Publishers, Tokyo.
[21] Yoshida, F. and Miyamoto, S., Eds. (2011) Scales on Ego/Communication/Values [Kojin karashakai he (jiko/taijinkankei/ kachikan)]. Vol. 5, Saiensu-Sha Co., Ltd. Publishers, Tokyo.
[22] Krippendorf, K. (1989) Content Analysis. Vol. 1, Oxford University Press, New York.
[23] Messias, E., Eaton, W., Nestadt, G., Bienvenu, O.J. and Samuels, J. (2007) Psychiatrists’ Ascertained Treatment Needs for Mental Disorders in a Population-Based Sample. Psychiatric Services, 58, 373-377.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.