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Prospective Bioactive Compounds from Vernonia amygdalina, Lippia javanica, Dysphania ambrosioides and Tithonia diversifolia in Controlling Legume Insect Pests

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.512123    5,293 Downloads   5,991 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Synthetic insecticides are widely known to control insect pest, but due to high operational cost, environmental pollution, toxicity to humans, harmful effect on non-target organisms and the development of insect resistance to this products, have created the need for developing alternative such as those involving the use of botanical pesticides to control insect pest. Bioactive compounds derived from plant could be an alternative source for insect pest control because they constitute a rich source of natural chemicals. This review aims to explore the potential of plant bioactive compounds from Vernonia amygdalina, Lippia javanica, Dysphania ambrosioides and Tithonia diversifolia as a low-cost, safe and environmentally friendly means of controlling insect pests in legumes.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mwanauta, R. , Mtei, K. and Ndakidemi, P. (2014) Prospective Bioactive Compounds from Vernonia amygdalina, Lippia javanica, Dysphania ambrosioides and Tithonia diversifolia in Controlling Legume Insect Pests. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 1129-1139. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.512123.

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