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An Investigation of Wideband Rectennas for Wireless Energy Harvesting

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DOI: 10.4236/wet.2014.54012    4,938 Downloads   6,178 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper is focused on a wireless energy harvesting system using a rectifying antenna (rectenna). The proposed device consists of a wideband cross-dipole antenna, a microwave low-pass filter and a doubling rectifying circuit using Shottcky diodes as rectifying elements. Previously, a few of wideband rectennas have been investigated at 1.7 to 2.5 GHz. The originality of this paper is on the new wideband rectenna design which can harvest the ambient radio frequency (RF) power at 1.7 to 2.5 GHz. In this system, a new wideband cross dipole is designed and used to achieve the required bandwidth and duel-polarization. In addition, the voltage doubling rectifying circuit is optimized to achieve the best performance at power density levels < 200 μW/cm2 which are typical in urban environments. The characteristics of the proposed rectenna over the desired frequency range are investigated, and the integrated rectenna is simulated, made and tested for low input power densities from 5 to 200 μW/cm2. The simulation and measurement results of the rectenna are compared and a good agreement is achieved. The results demonstrate that the maximum rectenna conversion efficiency is nearly 57% around 1.7 GHz and over 20% over the wideband of interest for the incident power density of 120 μW/cm2. It is noted that the impedance matching is one of the main factors affecting the rectenna energy conversion efficiency. This new wideband rectenna has great potential to harvest wireless energy in GSM/3G/4G and ISM 2.4 GHz bands.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zhang, J. , Huang, Y. and Cao, P. (2014) An Investigation of Wideband Rectennas for Wireless Energy Harvesting. Wireless Engineering and Technology, 5, 107-116. doi: 10.4236/wet.2014.54012.

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