Share This Article:

Comparison of Stem Damage and Carbohydrate Composition in the Stem Juice between Sugarcane and Sweet Sorghum Harvested before and after Late Fall Frost

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:3573KB) PP. 161-174
DOI: 10.4236/jsbs.2014.43015    3,093 Downloads   3,629 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A late fall frost may significantly affect sugar crops’ stem sugar composition, yield and juice quality for biofuel and bioproduct manufacture. Research on the effects of late fall frost in sugarcane is well documented, but information is lacking for sweet sorghum. Three and six commercial cultivars of sugarcane and sweet sorghum, respectively, were selected and evaluated for exposure to a late fall frost (-2.8°C) in Griffin, Georgia, USA. Under the same controlled environmental conditions in a screen house, the late fall frost induced more damage to sugarcane than sweet sorghum stems. The frost caused damage to sugarcane tissue and for juice to exude from stems, whereas similar behavior was not observed for sweet sorghum. In both sugarcane and sweet sorghum, the glucose/fructose ratio was significantly reduced, but this change may not be totally directly related to the frost effect. Overall, these initial results suggest that sweet sorghum may have a better tolerance to fall frost than sugarcane. Two sweet sorghum cultivars, Grassl and M81E, responded well to the late fall frost, and they can possibly be used as feedstocks for biofuel/bioproduct manufacture in areas susceptible to frosts including northern regions of the Southeastern US.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wang, M. , Cole, M. , Tonnis, B. , Pinnow, D. , Xin, Z. , Davis, J. , Hung, Y. , Yu, J. , Pederson, G. and Eggleston, G. (2014) Comparison of Stem Damage and Carbohydrate Composition in the Stem Juice between Sugarcane and Sweet Sorghum Harvested before and after Late Fall Frost. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 4, 161-174. doi: 10.4236/jsbs.2014.43015.

References

[1] Eggleston, G., Tew, T., Panella, L. and Klasson, T. (2010) Ethanol from Sugar Crops. In: Singh, B.P., Ed., Industrial Crops and Uses, CABI, Wallingford, 60-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9781845936167.0060
[2] Irvine J.E. and Legendre, B.L. (1985) Resistance of Sugarcane Varieties to Deterioration Following Freezing. Sugar Cane, 2, 1-4.
[3] Eggleston, G., Legendre, B. and Tew, T. (2004) Indicators of Freeze-Damaged Sugarcane Varieties Which Can Predict Processing Problems. Food Chemistry, 87, 119-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.11.004
[4] Legendre, B., Eggleston, G., Birkett, H., Mrini, M., Zehuaf, M., Chaba, S., Assarrar, M. and Mounir, H. (2013) How to Manage Sugarcane in the Field and Factory Following Damaging Freezes. Proceedings of International Society Sugar Cane Technology, 28, 1-8.
[5] Eggleston, G. (2002) Deterioration of Cane Juice—Sources and Indicators. Food Chemistry, 78, 95-103.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00390-9
[6] Legendre, B., Tew, T., Hale, A., Brikett, H., Eggleston, G., Duet, M. and Stein, J. (2012) Stalk Cold Tolerance of Commercial and Candidate Varieties during the 201-2011 Harvest. USDA-ARS, SRRC Annual Report, 148-156.
[7] Legendre, B.L. (1984) The Effects of Trash on Evaluating the Milling Quality of Sugarcane Varieties. Journal of American Society Sugar Cane Technology, 3, 40-42.
[8] Hale, A., Viator, R.P., Eggleston, G. and Miller, D.K. (2015) Enzymatic Analysis of Mannitol as a Measure of Post-Freeze Juice Degradation in Sugar and Energy Cane. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry (in review).
[9] Wang, M.L., Xin, Z., Tonnis, B., Farrell, G., Pinnow, D., Chen, Z., Davis, J., Yu, J., Hung, Y-C. and Pederson, G.A. (2012) Evaluation of Sweet Sorghum as a Feedstock by Multiple Harvests for Sustainable Bioenergy Production. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 2, 122-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jsbs.2012.24019
[10] Cole, M.R., Eggleston, G., Gilbert, A. and Chung, Y.J. (2014) Development of an Analytical Method to Measure Insoluble and Soluble Starch in Sugarcane and Sweet Sorghum Products. Food Chemistry (in Review).
[11] Andrzejewski, B., Eggleston, G., Lingle, S. and Powell, R. (2013) Development of a Sweet Sorghum Juice Clarification Method in the Manufacture of Industrial Feedstocks for Value-Added Products. Industrial Crops and Products, 44, 77-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.10.028
[12] Andrzejewski, B., Eggleston, G. and Powell, R. (2013) Pilot Plant Clarification of Sweet Sorghum Juice and Evaporation of Raw and Clarified Juices. Industrial Crops and Products, 49, 648-658.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.06.027
[13] Billa, A., Koullas, D.P., Monties, B. and Koukios, E.G. (1997) Structure and Composition of Sweet Sorghum Stalk Components. Industrial Crops and Products, 6, 297-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(97)00031-9
[14] Wu, X., Staggenborg, S., Propheter, J.L., Rooney, W.L., Yu, J. and Wang, D. (2010) Features of Sweet Sorghum Juice and Their Performance in Ethanol Fermentation. Industrial Crops and Products, 31, 164-170.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.10.006
[15] Eggleston, G., Cole, M. and Andrzejewski, B. (2013) New Commercially Viable Processing Technologies for the Production of Sugar Feedstocks from Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) for Manufacture of Biofuel and Bioproducts. Sugar Technology, 15, 232-249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12355-013-0229-6
[16] Brunt, K. (2014) Liquid Chromatography of Carbohydrates in Human Food and Animal Feeding Stuffs. Advances in Food Analyses, 32, S10-S17.
[17] Zhou, M., Kimbeng, C., Edme, S., Hale, A., Viator, R. and Eggleston, G. (2010) Sustainability of Low Starch Concentrations in Sugarcane through Short-Term Optimized Amylase and Long-Term Breeding Strategies. In: Eggleston, G., Ed., Sustainability of the Sugar and Sugar-Ethanol Industries, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 229-250.
[18] Eggleston, G., Montes, B., Antoine, A. and Stewart, D. (2010) Season Variations in Optimized Applications of Intermediate Temperature Stable a-Amylase in Raw Sugar Manufacture. International Sugar Journal, 112, 472-480.
[19] Guy, C.L., Huber, J.L.A. and Huber, S.C. (1992) Sucrose Phosphate Synthase and Sucrose Accumulation at Low Temperature. Plant Physiology, 100, 502-508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.100.1.502
[20] Sage, R.F. and Kubien, D.S. (2007) The Temperature Response of C3 and C4 Photosynthesis. Plant, Cell and Environment, 30, 1086-1106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01682.x

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.