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Land Use and Thermal Comfort in the County of Ourinhos, SP

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DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.22014    2,720 Downloads   3,741 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the thermal comfort in urban areas for different land uses. The ENVI- met microclimatic model has been used for urban boundary layer simulation, providing the following thermal comfort indexes: PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) and PPD (Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfaction). The chosen area covers the central area in the city of Ourinhos, located in southeastern Brazilian city, with subtropical climate. Four simulations were accomplished: an area with real buildings and vegetation on site, a “grassy” area where buildings have been replaced by grass in the central area, another grassy area, known as “grass/tree”, with additional trees in, and a final area called “Park” also grassy, where trees were added all over the area. The structures which showed thermal comfort within the ISO 7730 standards were the grassy area with no trees at 9 a.m., and a paved area, as well as the park area at 3 p.m. Other situations have presented values of PMV and PPD off the limits required by the rules; they were very close to those values. The only point that presented a far cry from the comfort required was the spot in the asphalt at 9 a.m. The other situations showed PMV and PPD values not far from the limits of comfort. Only the point on the asphalt showed values far from the limit of comfort at 9 a.m.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Carfan, A. , Galvani, E. and Nery, J. (2014) Land Use and Thermal Comfort in the County of Ourinhos, SP. Current Urban Studies, 2, 140-151. doi: 10.4236/cus.2014.22014.

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