Share This Article:

The Capacity of a Channel with an Image as the Information Source

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:271KB) PP. 111-116
DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2014.42012    2,493 Downloads   3,146 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We consider the physical limitations imposed on the information content of an image by the wave and quantum nature of light, when the image is obtained by illuminating a reflecting or transmitting planar object by natural (i.e., fully thermalized) light, or by observation of an object emitting incoherent (thermal) radiation. The discreteness of the degrees of freedom and the statistical properties of thermal radiation are taken into account. We derive the maximum amount of information that can be retrieved from the object. This amount is always finite and is proportional to the area of the object, the solid angle under which the entrance pupil of the receiver is seen from the object, and the time of observation. An explicit expression for the information in the case where the information recorded by the receiver obeys Planck’s spectral distribution is obtained. The amount of information per photon of recorded radiation is a universal numerical constant, independent of the parameters of observation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Levitin, L. and Toffoli, T. (2014) The Capacity of a Channel with an Image as the Information Source. Journal of Quantum Information Science, 4, 111-116. doi: 10.4236/jqis.2014.42012.

References

[1] Davies, E. (1977) Quantum Communication Systems. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 23, 530-534.
[2] Gordon, J. (1962) Quantum Effects in Communications Systems. Proceedings of IRE, 50, 1898-1908.
[3] Lebedev, D.S. and Levitin, L.B. (1966) Information Transmission by Electromagnetic Field. Information and Control, 9, 1-22.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0019-9958(66)90074-X
[4] Levitin, L.B. (1969) On the Quantum Measure of Information. Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Information Theory, Tashkent, 111-116. English Translation in Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie, 21, 1996, 345-358.
[5] Levitin, L.B. (1987) Information Theory for Quantum Systems. In: Blaquière, A., Diner, S. and Lochak, G., Eds., Information, Complexity and Control in Quantum Physics, Springer, Berlin, 15-47.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-2971-5_2
[6] Levitin, L.B. (1994) Entropy Defect and Information for Two Quantum States. Open Systems and Information Dynamics, 2, 319-329.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02228857
[7] Mitiugov, V. (1976) Physical Principles of Information Transmission Theory. Sovietskoe Radio, Moscow City (in Russian).
[8] Schumacher, B. and Westmoreland, M. (1997) Sending Classical Information via a Noisy Quantum Channel. Physical Review A, 56, 131-138.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.56.131
[9] Gabor, D. (1961) Light and Information. Progress in Optics, 1, 111-152.
[10] Landau, L. and Lifshits, E. (1980) Statistical Physics. 3rd Edition, Butterworth, Heinemann.
[11] Levitin, L.B. (1965) Information Transmission by Thermal Radiation. Proceedings of 2nd National Conferences on Coding Theory and Its Applications, Nauka, Sect. 5, 49-55 (in Russian).

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.