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Anaerobic Digestion of Olive Oil Mill Wastewater Pre-Treated with Catalytic Wet Peroxide Photo-Oxidation Using Copper Supported Pillared Clay Catalysts

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DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.26003    3,009 Downloads   4,092 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Because phenolic compounds are toxic for methanogenic bacteria many problems concerning the high toxicity and biodegradability of the olive oil mill wastewater (OMW) have been encountered during anaerobic treatments of this effluent. In this work, we try to develop a new catalytic process for the degradation of phenolic compounds, producing less toxic OMW for methanogenic bacteria, facilitating the anaerobic digestion. This process consists of an oxidative reaction using copper supported on alumina pillared clay in presence of a photocatalytic system (H2O2 with UV light). Preliminary results showed that the use of the copper supported catalyst in presence of 0.88% H2O2 (v/v) allows after 2 h colour reduction (25%), significant abatement of total organic carbon (40%), and important removal of polyphenolic compounds (63%) especially those of high molecular mass and subsequently decreases the OMW toxicity from 100% to 70%. This catalytic pre-treatment process of OMW was efficient for anaerobic digestion.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Achma, R. , Ghorbel, A. , Dafinov, A. and Medina, F. (2014) Anaerobic Digestion of Olive Oil Mill Wastewater Pre-Treated with Catalytic Wet Peroxide Photo-Oxidation Using Copper Supported Pillared Clay Catalysts. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 2, 9-17. doi: 10.4236/msce.2014.26003.

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