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Environmental and Health Impacts from Slaughter Houses Located on the City Outskirts: A Case Study

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.56058    10,713 Downloads   12,398 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the location of slaughter houses in the city outskirts, describes its functioning and explores its impact on the environment and health of residents living in its vicinity. A medium sized city of North India, Aligarh, was selected for the case study. The study is mainly based on primary sources of data collected through survey of city ouskirts, slaughter houses, villages and households located in its vicinity. For in-depth investigation, 2 slaughter houses located in the outskirts, 460 households living in the vicinity of these slaughter houses (0 to 3 km) were randomly selected for sampling. Data were collected with the help of questionnaire. Field surveys revealed that there were innumerable authorized and unauthorized slaughter houses inside the city, Makdoomnagar was the oldest one (1995), individual households in many parts of the city were slaughtering animals in one room, the city outskirts had 6 big slaughter houses and meat processing units and innumerable open illegal ones. Investigations revealed that all the slaughter houses suffer from very low hygienic standards posing both environment and health hazards due to discrete disposal of waste, highly polluted effluent discharge, burning and boiling of bones, hooves, fat, meat, etc. The results show that for the residents living in the immediate vicinity of the slaughter house, both the environmental conditions and their health conditions were worst.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Singh, A. , Jamal, S. , Baba, S. and Islam, M. (2014) Environmental and Health Impacts from Slaughter Houses Located on the City Outskirts: A Case Study. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 566-575. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.56058.

References

[1] The Times of India, New Delhi, 6 August 2013.
[2] Aligarh Development Authority (ADA), Aligarh Master Plan 2021. Vikas Bhawan, Aligarh City.
[3] Aligarh Nagar Nigam (Aligarh Municipal Corporation) (2011) Sewa Bhawan. Aligarh City.
[4] Census of India (2011) Registrar General and Census Commissioner. New Delhi.
[5] Dainik Jagran, Aligarh City. 7 September 2013.
[6] Down to Earth (2003) Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.
[7] Salahuddin Mohd. (2011) Household Level Waste Management in Aligarh City. B.R. Publishers, New Delhi.
[8] Singh, A.L. and Rehman, A. (2001) Malaria and Related Environment Issues in India: A Case Study of Aligarh City, Geo Journal, 53, 89-99.

  
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