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The effects of stent porosity on the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms located near a bifurcation

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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2013.68099    4,045 Downloads   5,876 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Intracranial aneurysm occurs when a cerebral artery develops an abnormal sac-like dilatation, and will cause massive bleeding in the subarachnoid space upon rupture. Endovascular stenting is a minimally invasive procedure in which a flow-diverting stent is deployed to cover the aneurysm neck, thereby restricting blood from entering the aneurysm and reducing the risk of rupture. The stent porosity, a crucial factor determining the intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics following treatment, is investigated by computational fluid dynamics techniques. Based on the computational results, a low porosity stent will dramatically reduce the flow velocity and the flow rate inside the side branch vessel. Conversely, a high porosity stent may not provide adequate flow reduction inside the aneurysm, possibly causing treatment failure. An advisable range of optimal stent porosity would be 60% to 75%, which can drastically reduce the flow rate into the aneurysm while preserving enough blood flow for the side branch vessel. Clinically, deployment of two or more flow-diverting stents may not increase treatment efficacy but can potentially lead to adverse effects due to side-branch hypoperfusion. The present quantitative analysis can also provide practical insight for future stent design.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Tang, A. , Chan, H. , Tsang, A. , Leung, G. , Leung, K. , Yu, A. and Chow, K. (2013) The effects of stent porosity on the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms located near a bifurcation. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 6, 812-822. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.68099.

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