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Fatal complication, rescue therapy; covered stent for coronary artery perforation

DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57A3001    2,815 Downloads   4,241 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although coronary perforation is a rare complication observed during intervenetional procedures, it has a considerably high mortality rate. The prevelance of coronary perforation has been reported to be 0.20%-0.6%. Its sudden development, the patient’s agitation and development of rapid collapse render intervention difficult. Materials and Method: The presence of perfusion balloon and covered stent in clinics is life-saving. In the present study, we retrospectively reviewed 17 cases with coronary artery perforation that were treated between 2009 and 2012. Of these patients, 10 (58.8%) were men and 7 (41.2%) were women; the median age was 62.8 ± 8.3 years. The coronary artery perforation resulted from guide wire in 23.5%, balloon dilatation in 58.8% and stent implantation in 17.6%. All the lesions were either type B or C lesions. Results: The extensiveness of perforation was Ellis grade I in 23.5%, grade II in 47.1% and grade III in 29.4% of the cases. In the treatment of the perforation, polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent graft was implemented in 9 (52.9%) patients, whilst conventional and emergency surgical therapy was performed in 8 (47.1%) patients. Grade I perforations occurred due to the guide wire and were managed with conventional therapy (p < 0.05). Grade II and III perforations resulted from balloon and stent. The majority of these patients were inserted Graft Stent (stent graft in 52.9% and conventional therapy in 23.5% of the cases (p < 0.05). Although all the stent grafts were successfully implanted, the complete control of bleeding was achieved only in 77.7% of the patients. Mortality was not observed in grade I perforation, whilst all cases resulted in mortality had grade III perforation. Conclusion: These data indicate that there is a need for further advanced technology in the coronary artery perforation despite of currently available therapeutic options.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Yıldız, A. , Karakurt, A. , Bitigen, A. and Bağırtan, B. (2013) Fatal complication, rescue therapy; covered stent for coronary artery perforation. Health, 5, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.57A3001.

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