Share This Article:

Perceived Health, Physical Activity and Sport among the Elderly of Spain

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:210KB) PP. 151-156
DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.32020    3,470 Downloads   4,981 Views   Citations


Purpose: It determines if participating in sports and/or physical activity influences perceived health among the elderly. Basic procedures: Data were drawn from a population subsample of subjects aged 65 - 79 years old that took part in a survey conducted in 2008 by the IESA-CSIC. A regression model was performed with perceived health status with the dependent variable and sociodemographic characteristics and physical activity as independent variables. Results: Physical activity is closely associated to perceived health, although sport has little influence on this relationship. Conclusions: Doing exercise or feeling that one is physically active makes the elderly feel better about their health status. However, this age group practises few sports and sport is not found to have an important or constant influence on self-perceived health status among the elderly.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Serrano-del-Rosal, R. , Biedma-Velázquez, L. , Moscoso-Sánchez, D. & Martín-Rodríguez, M. (2013). Perceived Health, Physical Activity and Sport among the Elderly of Spain. Advances in Applied Sociology, 3, 151-156. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.32020.


[1] ACSM (2009). Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41, 1510-1530. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a0c95c
[2] Aday, L. A., & Andersen, R. (1981). Equity of access to medial care: A conceptual and empirical overview. Medical Care, 19, 4-27. doi:10.1097/00005650-198112001-00004
[3] Armstrong, G., & Morgan, K. (1998). Stability and change in levels of habitual physical activity in later life. Age and Ageing, 27, 17-23. doi:10.1093/ageing/27.suppl_3.17
[4] Atchley, R. (1999). Continuity and adaptation in aging: Creating positive experiences. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
[5] Barrios, R., Borges, R., & Cardoso, L. (2003). Benefits perceived by major adults who exercise [Beneficios percibidos por adultos mayores incorporados al ejercicio]. Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral, 19.
[6] Bath, P., & Morgan, K. (1998). Customary physical activity and physi cal health outcomes in later life. Age and Ageing, 27, 29-34. doi:10.1093/ageing/27.suppl_3.29
[7] Blair, S., Kohl, H., Gordon, N., & Paffenbarger, R. (1992). How much physical activity is good for health? Annual Review of Public Health, 13, 99-126. doi:10.1146/annurev.pu.13.050192.000531
[8] CIS-CSD (2005). Sport habits in Spain III. Study no. 2599. Madrid: Center for Sociological Research.
[9] Corbin, C., Pangrazi, R., & Welk, G. (1994). Towards an understanding of appropriate physical activity levels for youth. Physical Activity and Fitness Research Digest, 1, 1-8. doi:10.1136/jech.42.2.121
[10] Dalloso, H. M., Morgan, K., Bassey, E. J., Ebrahim, S. B. J., Fentem, P. H., & Arie, T. H. D. (1998). Levels of customary physical activity among the old and the very old living at home. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 42, 121-127.
[11] Entrala, A., Iglesias, C., Veigas, P., & De-Jesús, F. (2003). Diet and physical exercise: Healthy binomial [Dieta y ejercicio físico: Binomio saludable]. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 1, 3-8.
[12] Fernández, N., Clúa, A. M., Báez, R. M., Ramírez, M., & Prieto, V. (2000). Lifestyle, subjective well-being and health of elders [Estilos de vida, Bienestar subjetivo y salud de los ancianos]. Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral, 16, 6-12.
[13] Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (1992). Myths and realities of the oldness and health [Mitosy realidades sobre la vejez y la salud]. Barcelona: Fundación Caja de Madrid. Colección Gerontología y Sociedad.
[14] Gallegos-Carrillo, K., & García-Pe?a, C. (2006). Autoperception of the health: an approximation to the elders in Mexico [Autopercepción del estado de salud: una aproximación a los ancianos en México]. Revista de Saúde Pública, 40, 792-801. doi:10.1590/S0034-89102006000600008
[15] García-Ferrando, M. (2001). The Spanish and the sport: Practices and behaviors in the last decade of the 20th century [Los espa?oles y el deporte: prácticas y comportamientos en la última década del siglo XX]. Madrid: MECD-CSD.
[16] García-Ferrando, M. (2006). Postmodernism and sport: Between the individualization and the extension. Survey of Spanish sports habits 2005 [Posmodernidad y Deporte: Entre la individualización y la masificación. Encuesta sobre hábitos deportivos de los espa?oles 2005]. Madrid: CSD-CIS.
[17] Gonzalo, E., & Pasarín, M. I. (2004). La salud de las personas mayores. Gaceta Sanitaria, 18, 69-80. doi:10.1157/13062253
[18] Grant, B. (2001). You’re never too old: Beliefs about physical activity and playing sport in later life. Ageing and Society, 21, 777-798. doi:10.1017/S0144686X01008492
[19] Hoffmeister, L., & Vallebuena, C. (2006). Difference in the State of health Perceived according to labor situation [Diferencias en el Estado de Salud Percibido según situación laboral]. Chile: Gobierno de Chile.
[20] Idler, E. L., & Benyamini, A. (1997). Self-rated health and mortality: A review of twenty-seven community studies. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 38, 21-37. doi:10.2307/2955359
[21] Johnson, R. J., & Wolinsky, F. D. (1993). The structure of health status among older adults: Disease, disability functional limitation and per ceived health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 34, 105-121. doi:10.2307/2137238
[22] Martínez, J. (2005). Study of the physical activity and sports of the women of the municipality of Madrid: habits, demands and barriers [Estudio sobre la actividad física y deportiva de las mujeres del municipio de Madrid: hábitos, demandas y barreras]. área de Gobierno de Empleo y Servicios a la Ciudadanía. Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
[23] Martínez, J., González, M. D., Jiménez-Beatty, J. E., Graupera, J. L., Martín, M., Campos, A., & Del-Hierro, D. (2009). The habits of physical activity of the major women in Spain [Los hábitos de actividad física de las mujeres mayores en Espa?a]. International Journal of Sport Science, 5, 81-93.
[24] Moscoso, D., & Moyano, E. (2009) Sport, health and quality of life. Barcelona: The “la Caixa” Foundation.
[25] Raphael, D. (2006). Social determinants of health: Present status, un answered questions, and futures directions. International Journal of Health Services, 36, 651-67. doi:10.2190/3MW4-1EK3-DGRQ-2CRF
[26] Testa, M. A., & Simonson, D. C. (1996). Assessment of quality-of-life outcomes. The New England Journal of Medicine, 334, 835-840. doi:10.1056/NEJM199603283341306
[27] United States Department of Health and Human Services (2008). Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report. Atlanta, GA: Departament of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Disease Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
[28] Ware, J. E. (1987). Standards for validating health measures: Definition and content. Journal of Chronic Diseases, 40, 473-480. doi:10.1016/0021-9681(87)90003-8
[29] Weineck, J. (2001). Health, exercise and sport [Salud, ejercicio y deporte]. Barcelona: Paidotribo.
[30] World Health Organization (WHO) (1952). Constitution of the World Health Organization. Handbook of basic documents (5th ed., pp. 3-20). Ginebra: Pelais des Nations.
[31] World Health Organization (WHO) (2005). World day of the health. For your health, move [Día Mundial de la Salud. Por tu salud, imuévetei].

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.