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Proteomics: A Successful Approach to Understand the Molecular Mechanism of Plant-Pathogen Interaction

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.46149    5,564 Downloads   10,043 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In recent years, proteomics has played a key role in identifying changes in protein levels in plant hosts upon infection by pathogenic organisms and in characterizing cellular and extracellular virulence and pathogenicity factors produced by pathogens. Proteomics offers a constantly evolving set of novel techniques to study all aspects of protein structure and function. Proteomics aims to find out the identity and amount of each and every protein present in a cell and actual function mediating specific cellular processes. Structural proteomics elucidates the development and application of experimental approaches to define the primary, secondary and tertiary structures of proteins, while functional proteomics refers to the development and application of global (proteome wide or system-wide) experimental approaches to assess protein function. A detail understanding of plant defense response using successful combination of proteomic techniques and other high throughput techniques of cell biology, biochemistry as well as genomics is needed for practical application to secure and stabilize yield of many crop plants. This review starts with a brief introduction to gel- and non gel-based proteomic techniques followed by the basics of plant-pathogen interaction, the use of proteomics in recent pasts to decipher the mysteries of plant-pathogen interaction, and ends with the future prospects of this technology.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Lodha, P. Hembram and N. Basak, "Proteomics: A Successful Approach to Understand the Molecular Mechanism of Plant-Pathogen Interaction," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 1212-1226. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.46149.

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