The action of ethanol on G protein. In silico and cellular/molecular evidences


Ethanol (EtOH) enhances glycinergic currents in the central nervous system (CNS). Because evidence for an interaction between the α1 subunit of the glycine receptor (α1GlyR) and the G protein Gβγ subunit exists in vitro and because cAMP levels are known to increase in response to EtOH, we wanted to investigate the interaction between Gβγ and α1GlyR in response to EtOH treatment in HEK293 cells and to explore the possible sites of interaction between EtOH and the Gαs subunit. His pull-down assays in GlyR-His6-transfected HEK293 cells incubated with ethanol or propofol revealed that only EtOH treatment increased the binding of Gβγ heterodimers to α1GlyR. Using molecular modelling (protein structure prediction), was modelled the hGαs protein for the first time and validated this model by site-directed mutagenesis. By molecular docking, we identified some potential regions of interaction between hGαs and EtOH that are located on the SIII and SI regions of the Gαs. Therefore, we conclude that ethanol increases the interaction between α1GlyR and Gβγ in HEK293 cells, an effect that might be attributed to the interaction between EtOH and hGαs, which consequently stimulates hGαs.

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Fernandez, P. , Moreno, J. , Barrientos, C. , Aguila, S. , Leon, D. , Ortiz, S. , Silva, R. , Rodriguez, F. , Leonardi, M. , Morin, V. and Romo, X. (2013) The action of ethanol on G protein. In silico and cellular/molecular evidences. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 4, 665-673. doi: 10.4236/abb.2013.45087.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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