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Acute pericarditis as presenting symptom of staphylococcal endocarditis: Mitral valve involvement with fistulous tract from LV to LA and subsequent pseudoaneurysm development

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.31007    3,163 Downloads   4,799 Views  

ABSTRACT

Acute pericarditis is an unusual presentation of bacterial endocarditis [1]. It is most commonly associated with staphylococcal aureus infection and more likely to occur in young males in association with the risk factors of alcohol or substance abuse or diabetes. Tamponade is a common presenting feature and the aortic valve is the most commonly involved valve. This condition carries a very high mortality whether treated with antibiotics alone or in combination with surgery.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

McWilliams, E. , Saraf, S. and Dickinson, K. (2013) Acute pericarditis as presenting symptom of staphylococcal endocarditis: Mitral valve involvement with fistulous tract from LV to LA and subsequent pseudoaneurysm development. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 31-33. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.31007.

References

[1] Katz, L.H., Pitlik, S., Porat, E., Biderman, P. and Bishara, J. (2008) Pericarditis as a presenting sign of infective endocarditis: Two case reports and review of the literature. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 40, 785-791. doi:10.1080/00365540802169106
[2] Kunavarapu, C., Olkovsky, Y., Lafferty, J.C., Homayuni, A.R., Mohan, S.S. and McGinn, J. (2008) Unusual Complications of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 21, 187e3- 187e5.
[3] Prakash, S., Garg, N., Xie, G.Y., Dellsperger and K.C. (2010) Giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, 4, 284-285. doi:10.1016/j.jcct.2010.05.010

  
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