Share This Article:

Survey of food handlers in bukas (a type of local restaurant) in Lagos, Nigeria about typhoid fever

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:215KB) PP. 951-956
DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.28141    6,738 Downloads   14,374 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The study was conducted to survey the knowledge and behavioural practices of food handlers in bukas (a type of local restaurant) in Nigeria with the aim of assessing the hygiene practices of food handlers and whether they were knowledgeable about typhoid fever and its mode of transmission. Methods: One hundred and seventy four (174) Respondents were ad- ministered questionnaires on their sociode- mographic characteristics, behavioural practices and knowledge of typhoid fever. Results: Ma- jority of the food handlers drank pure water (32.1%), borehole water (32.6%) and public tap water (31.1%) at the about the same frequecy. More than half (62.2%) washed their hands with water only before eating while 27.7% did not wash their hands always before preparing food. After using toilets, 71.9% washed their hands with soap and water while 28.1% washed their hands with only water. When asked if they had heard about typhoid fever 90% said they had heard, out of which15.6% did not know how it was contracted while the others had partial knowledge. Conclusion: Food handlers play a prominent role in the transmission of typhoid fever and so it is important that the food handlers are well informed about their hygiene status and the causes of typhoid fever trans- mission and ways by which typhoid fever spread is prevented. This will go a long way to help reduce the incidence of typhoid fever in the country.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Smith, S. , Agomo, C. , Bamidele, M. , Opere, B. and Aboaba, O. (2010) Survey of food handlers in bukas (a type of local restaurant) in Lagos, Nigeria about typhoid fever. Health, 2, 951-956. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.28141.

References

[1] Thong, K.L., Cheong, Y.M., Puthucheary, S., et al. (1994) Epidemiologic analysis of Salmonella typhi isolates and those from outbreaks by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 32(5),1135-1141.
[2] Todd, E.C.D., Greig, J.D., Bertleson, C.A., et al. (2008a) Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of food borne disease. Part 4. Infective doses and pathogen carriage. Journal of Food Protection, 71(11), 2339-2373.
[3] Todd, E.C.D., Greig, J.D., Bertleson, C.A., et al. (2008b) Outbreaks where food workers have ben implicated in the spread of food borne disease. Part 5. Sources of contamination and pathogen excretion from infected persons. Journal of Food Protection, 71(12), 2582-2595.
[4] Todd, E.C.D., Greig, J.D., Bertleson, C.A., et al. (2009) Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of food borne disease. Part 6. Transmission and survival of pathogens in food processing and preparation environment. Journal of Food Protection, 72(1), 202-219.
[5] Andargie, G., Kassu, A., Moges, F., Tiruneh, M. and Huruy, K. (2008) Prevalence of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition, 26(4), 451-455.
[6] Malhotra, R., Lai, P., Krishna, P.S., Daga, M.K. and Kishore, J. (2008) Evaluation of health education inter- vention on knowledge and attitude of food handlers working in a medical college in delhi, India. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 20(4), 277-286.
[7] van Tonder, I., Lues, J.F. and Theron, M.M. (2007) The personal and general hygiene practices of food handlers in the delicatessen sections of retail outlets in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Health, 70(4), 33-38.
[8] Okojie, O.H., Wagbatsoma, V.A. and Ighoroge, A.D. (2005) An assessment of food hygiene among food handlers in a Nigerian University campus. Nigerian Post- graduate Medical Journal, 12(2), 93-96.
[9] Smith, S.I., Alao, F., Goodluck, H.T., et al. (2008) Prevalence of Salmonella typhi among food handlers from bukkas in Nigeria. British Journal of Biomedical Sciences, 65(3), 158-160.
[10] Smith, S.I., Bamidele, M., Goodluck, H.A., et al. (2009) Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Salmonella isolated from food handlers and cattle in Lagos, Nigeria. Inter- national Journal of Health Research, 2(2), 189-193.
[11] Smith, S.I., Odunukwe, N.N., Niemogha, M-T, et al. (2004) Diagnostic methods for typhoid fever in Nigeria. British Journal of Biomedical Sciences, 61(4), 179-181.
[12] Senthilkumar, B. and Prabakaran, G. (2005) Multi drug resistant Salmonella Typhi in asymptomatic typhoid carriers among food handlers in Nammakal District, Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, 23(2), 92-94.
[13] Mohan, U., Mohan, V. and Raj, K.A. (2006) Study of Carrier State of S. Typhi, Intestinal Parasites & Personal Hygiene amongst Food Handlers in Amritsar City. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 31, 60-61.
[14] Sirinavin, S., Thavornnunth, J., Sakchainanont, B., et al. (2003) Norfloxacin and azithromycin for treatment of nontyphoidal Salmonella carriers. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 37(5), 685-691.
[15] Buchwald, D.S. and Blaser, M.J. (1984) A review of human salmonellosis. II. Duration of excretion following infection with nontyphi Salmonella. Review of Infectious Diseases, 6(3), 345-356.
[16] Murakami, K., Ishihara, T., Horikawa, K. and Oda, T. (2007) Features of Salmonella serovars among food handlers in Kyushu, Japan. New Microbiology, 30(2), 155-159.
[17] Fewtrell, L., Kaufmann, R.B., Kay, D., Enanoria, W., Haller, L. and Colford, J.M. (2005) Water, sanitation and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhea in less developed countries; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 5(1), 42-52.
[18] Brooks, G.F. and Carroll, K.C. (2004) Enteric gram- negative rods (Enterobacteriaceae), chap. 16. In: Brooks, G.F., Carroll, K.C., Butel, J.S. and Morse, S.A., Eds., Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg’s medical microbiology, 24th Edition.
[19] Kohl, K.S., Rietberg, K., Wilson, S. and Farley, T.A. (2002) Relationship between home food-handling practices and sporadic salmonellosis in adults in Louisiana, United States. Epidemiology and Infection, 129(2), 267-276.
[20] Braddick, M.R., Crump, B.J. and Yee, M.L. (1991) How long should patients with Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi be followed-up? A comparison of published guidelines. Journal of Public Health Medicine, 13(2), 101-107.
[21] Greig, J.D., Todd, E.C.D., Bartleson, C. and Michaels, A. B. (2007) Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 1. Description of the problem, methods and agents involved. Journal of Food Protection, 70(7), 1752-1761.
[22] Todd, E.C.D., Greig, J.D. and Bartleson, C.A., et al. (2007a) Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 2. Description of outbreaks by size, severity, and settings. Journal of Food Protection, 70(8), 1975-1993.
[23] Todd, E.C.D., Greig, J.D. and Bartleson, C.A., et al. (2007b) Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 3. Factors contributing to outbreaks and description of outbreak categories. Journal of Food Protection, 70(9), 2199-2217.
[24] Sur, D., Ali, M., von Seidlein, L., et al. (2007) Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, India. BMC Public Health, 7, 289-298.
[25] Zain, M.M. and Naing, N.N. (2002) Sociodemographic characteristics of food handlers and their knowledge, attitude and practice towards food sanitation: A pre- liminary report. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 33(2), 410-417..

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.