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Synthesis and Characterization of Triarylamine-Based Block Copolymers by Combination of C-N Coupling and ATRP for Photorefractive Applications

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DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2012.24008    3,669 Downloads   7,017 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Poly(4-butyltriarylamine)s with t-butyldimethylsilyl terminal protecting group (PBTPA-TBS) with various molecular weights were prepared by C-N coupling polymerization. The resulting precursors were postfunctionalized and subse- quently used as macroinitiators for atom transfer radial polymerization (ATRP) of n-butyl acrylate (n-BA) and ethyl acrylate (EA). Both the polymerization processes were controlled and the polymers were characterized by 1H NMR, gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and thermal properties, which confirmed the successful synthesis of all the poly-mers. The microphase separated behaviors of the poly (4-butyltriarylamine)-block-poly (butyl acrylate) (PBTPA-b-PBA) were examined by AFM in the film showing phase separation structures for all the polymers. The photorefractive property of the composite based on PBTPA-b-PBA block copolymer was evaluated by two-beam coupling experiment. A relative high gain coefficient of 42.7 cm?1 was obtained at the electric field of 31 V/?m.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Z. Cao, K. Kousuke Tsuchiy, T. Shimomura and K. Ogino, "Synthesis and Characterization of Triarylamine-Based Block Copolymers by Combination of C-N Coupling and ATRP for Photorefractive Applications," Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 53-62. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2012.24008.

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