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Doctor-reported hospital management of acute coronary syndrome in China: A nationwide survey of 1029 hospitals in 30 provinces

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23029    3,234 Downloads   6,252 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite recent improvements in the hospital treatment of ACS, little is known about current cardiological practice in China or use of evidence-based approach in Chinese hospitals. Methods: A questionnaire about doctor-reported hospital management of ACS was posted to the head of the cardiology department of 1397 hospitals across 30 provinces of China. Reported use of various clinical procedures and treatments were analysed and compared between different types of hospital. Results: Of the 1029 (74%) hospitals that responded, 43% were tier III (tertiary) hospitals. For STEMI, primary PCI was used as the main reperfusion therapy by 50.2% of tier III and 9.3% of tier II/I (secondary) hospitals. Most of hospitals also used various proven therapy routinely for STEMI and NSTEMI/UA, including anti-platelet therapy (98% and 93%), anticoagulant (96% and 90%), statin (97% and 94%), oral β-blockers (87% and 86%) and ACE-I (88% and 83%). However, certain therapies with little or no proven value (eg, G.I.K., magnesium and Chinese tradition medicine) remained used routinely by 25% - 40% of tier II/I hospitals. After discharge, statin, antiplatelet, β-blockers and ACE-I were reportedly used routinely by 85% - 95% of the responders for secondary prevention. Conclusions: With a few exceptions, doctor-reported hospital management of ACS in China is largely consistent with that recommended by current guidelines. Large nationwide registries are needed to assess long-term adherence to treatments after hospital discharge.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Chen, Y. , Jiang, L. , Zhang, Q. , Wei, X. , Li, X. , Smith, M. and Chen, Z. (2012) Doctor-reported hospital management of acute coronary syndrome in China: A nationwide survey of 1029 hospitals in 30 provinces. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 2, 168-176. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23029.

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