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Eating disorders, body image, and dichotomous thinking among Japanese and Russian college women

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47062    6,881 Downloads   11,371 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study explored cross-cultural differences between Japan and Russia in terms of women’s body images, proneness to eating disorders, and the effects of dichotomous thinking. Participants included 419 Japanese and 187 Russian college women who completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI), the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test, and responses regarding nine figures representing female body shapes. The mean age of the participants was 19.8 years, with no significant age differences between the countries. The results showed that Japanese women have leaner ideal body images than Russian women, whereas there were no cross-cultural differences in the participants’ real body images. DTI scores among Russian participants were higher than DTI scores among Japanese participants, which indicated that Russian women think more dichotomously than Japanese. Structural equation modeling indicated a significantly negative effect of dichotomous thinking only on real body image in Russia; the ideal body image had greater effects on eating disorder in Russia than in Japan.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Oshio, A. and Meshkova, T. (2012) Eating disorders, body image, and dichotomous thinking among Japanese and Russian college women. Health, 4, 392-399. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.47062.

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