﻿Common New Fixed Point Theorem in Modified Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Spaces Using Implicit Relation

Applied Mathematics
Vol.4 No.9A(2013), Article ID:36702,5 pages DOI:10.4236/am.2013.49A005

Common New Fixed Point Theorem in Modified Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Spaces Using Implicit Relation

Saurabh Manro1, Sumitra2

1School of Mathematics and Computer Applications, Thapar University, Patiala, India

2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA

Email: sauravmanro@yahoo.com, sauravmanro@hotmail.com, mathsqueen_d@yahoo.com

Copyright © 2013 Saurabh Manro, Sumitra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received May 5, 2013; revised June 5, 2013; accepted June 13, 2013

Keywords: Modified Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Space; Compatible Mappings; Subcompatible Mappings; Subsequential Continuous Mappings; Reciprocal Continuity; Implicit Relation

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we prove some common fixed point theorems for two pair of compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings satisfying an implicit relation in Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces. Consequently, our results improve and sharpen many known common fixed point theorems available in the existing literature of metric fixed point theory.

1. Introduction

The concept of fuzzy set was introduced in 1965 by Zadeh [1]. In 1986, with similar endeavour, Atanasov [2] introduced and studied the concept of Intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFS). Using the idea of IFS, a generalization of fuzzy metric space was introduced by Park [3] which is known as Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space. Since the Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space has extra conditions (see [2]), Saadati et al. [4] reframed the idea of Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space and proposed a new notion under the name of Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space by introducing idea of continuous t-representable.

In 1986, Jungck [5] introduced the notion of compatible maps for a pair of self mappings. Jungck et al. [6] initiated the study of weakly compatible maps in metric space. With a view to improve commutativity conditions in common fixed point theorems, Sessa [7] introduced the notion of weakly commuting pair. Most recently, Bouhadjera et al. [8] (see also [9]) introduced two new notions namely: subsequential continuity and subcompatibility.

In this paper, we prove some common fixed point theorems for two pair of compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings satisfying an implicit relation in modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces. Consequently, our results improve and sharpen many known common fixed point theorems available in the existing literature of metric fixed point theory and generalize the results of D. Gopal et al. [10, Theorem 3.1 and Theorem 3.2].

2. Preliminaries

Lemma 2.1. [11] Consider the set L* and the operation ≤L* defined by

for every (x1, x2), (y1,y2) L*. Then (L*, ≤L*) is a complete lattice.

We denote its units by 0L* = (0,1) and 1L* = (1,0).

Definition 2.1. [12] A triangular norm (t-norm) on L* is a mapping satisfying the following conditions:

(1) for all x L*(2) for all x, y L*(3) for all x, y, z L*(4) If for all x, , y, L*, and implies

.

Definition 2.2. [11,12] A continuous t-norm F on L* is called continuous t-representable iff there exist a continuous t-norm * and a continuous t-conorm on [0, 1] such that for all

Definition 2.3. [4] Let M, N are fuzzy sets from such that

for all x, y X and t > 0. The 3-tuple is said to be a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space if X is an arbitrary non empty set, is a continuous t-representable and is a mapping satisfying the following conditions for every x, y X and t, s > 0:

(a);

(b);

(c);

(d) ;

(e) is continuous.

In this case, is called an Intuitionistic fuzzy metric. Here,

.

In the sequel, we will call to be just a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space.

Remark 2.1. [13] In Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space, is non decreasing and is non-increasing for all x, y X. Hence is non-decreasing with respect to t for all x, y X.

Definition 2.4. [4] A sequence {xn} in a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space is called a Cauchy sequence if for each and t > 0, there exists such that for each and for all t.

Definition 2.5. [4] A sequence {xn} in a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric spac is said to be convergent to x X, denoted by if

for all t.

A Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

is said to be complete iff every Cauchy sequence is converges to a point of it.

Definition 2.6. [14] Let f and g be maps from a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space into itself. The maps f and g are said to be weakly commuting if for all and

Definition 2.7. [4] A pair of self mappings (f, g) of Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

is said to be compatible if

whenever is a sequence in X such that for some z X.

Definition 2.8. [13] Two self-mappings f and g are called non-compatible if there exists at least one sequence such that for some z X but either or the limit does not exist for all z X.

Definition 2.9. [15] A pair of self mappings (f, g) of Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

is said to be weakly compatible if they commute at coincidence points i.e. if fu = gu for some u X, then fgu = gfu.

Definition 2.10. [16] A pair of self mappings (f, g) of Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

is said to be occasionally weakly compatible (owc) if the pair (f, g) commutes at least one coincidence point i.e. there exists at least one point x X such that fx = gx and fgx = gfx.

Definition 2.11. [9] Let f and g be maps from a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space into itself. The maps f and g are said to be subcompatible if there exist a sequence in X with

for and for all t > 0,

.

Definition 2.12. [10] Let f and g be maps from a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

into itself. The maps f and g are said to be reciprocally continuous if for a sequence in X, whenever

for some and for all.

Definition 2.13. [17] Let f and g be two maps from modified intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

into itself. The maps f and g are said to be subsequentially continuous if there exist a sequence in X such that

for some

and for all.

3. Main Results

Implicit relations play important role in establishing of common fixed point results.

Let M6 be the set of all continuous functions

satisfying the following conditions (for all

, and

):

(A)

and

(B)

for all.

Example 3.1. Define as

where

is increasing and continuous function such that for all Clearly, in M6.

We begin with following observation:

Theorem 3.1. Let A, B, S and T be four self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A, S) and (B, T) are compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings, then

(3.1) the pair (A, S) has a coincidence point

(3.2) the pair (B, T) has a coincidence point.

Further, A, B, S and T have a unique common fixed point provided A, B, S and T satisfy the following:

(3.3) for any, in M6 and for all t > 0,

Proof. Since the pairs (A, S) and (B, T) are compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings, therefore there exist sequences {xn} and {yn} in X such that

,

for some and

and

so that Az = Sz and Bw = Tw i.e. z is a coincidence point of A and S where as w is a coincidence point of B and T, which proves (3.1) and (3.2).

Now, we prove that z = w, if not, then by using (3.3), we have

which on making reduces to

a contradiction to (A) so that z = w.

Now, we assert that Az = z, if not, then by (3.3), we get

taking the limit as, we get

which is a contradiction to (B). Therefore, Az = z = Sz.

Similarly, we prove that Bz = z = Tz by using (3.3). Therefore, in all, z = Az = Bz = Sz = Tz. i.e. z is common fixed point of A, B, S and T. The uniqueness of common fixed point is an easy consequence of the inequality (3.3). This completes the proof of the theorem. □

Theorem 3.2. Let A, B, S and T be four self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A,S) and (B,T) are subcompatible and reciprocally continuous mappings, then

(3.4) the pair (A, S) has a coincidence point

(3.5) the pair (B, T) has a coincidence point.

Further, A, B, S and T have a unique common fixed point provided A, B, S and T satisfy the condition (3.3).

Proof. Proof easily follows on same lines of Theorem 3.1 and using definition of reciprocally continuous and subcompatible mappings. □

Corollary 3.1. The conclusions of Theorem 3.1 and Theorem 3.2 remain true if we replace the inequality (3.3) by any one of the following:

(3.6)

where is increasing and continuous function such that for all.

(3.7)

where

where is increasing and continuous function such that for all and

is a Lebesgue integrable function which is summable and satisfies, for all

.

By setting A = B in Theorems 3.1, 3.2, we derive the following corollaries for three mappings.

Corollary 3.2. Let A, S and T be three self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A,S) and (A,T) are compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings, then

(3.8) the pair (A, S) has a coincidence point

(3.9) the pair (A, T) has a coincidence point.

Further, A, B, S and T have a unique common fixed point provided A, B, S and T satisfy the following:

(3.10) for any, in M6 and for all t > 0,

Corollary 3.3. Let A, S and T be three self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A,S) and (A,T) are subcompatible and reciprocally continuous mappings, then (3.8) and (3.9) satisfied. Further, A, S and T have a unique common fixed point provided A, S and T satisfy the condition (3.10).

Alternatively, by setting S = T in Theorems 3.1, 3.2, we derive the following corollaries for three mappings.

Corollary 3.4. Let A, B and S be three self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A,S) and (B,S) are compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings, then

(3.11) the pair (A, S) has a coincidence point

(3.12) the pair (B, S) has a coincidence point.

Further, A, B and S have a unique common fixed point provided A, B and S satisfy the following:

(3.13) for any, in M6 and for all t > 0,

Corollary 3.5. Let A, B and S be three self mappings of a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pairs (A,S) and (B,S) are subcompatible and reciprocally continuous mappings, then (3.11) and (3.12) satisfied. Further, A, B and S have a unique common fixed point provided A, B and S satisfy the condition (3.13).

Finally, by setting A = B and S = T in Theorems 3.1 and 3.2, we derive the following corollaries:

Corollary 3.6. Let A and S be four self mappings of a modified intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pair (A,S) is compatible and subsequentially continuous mappings, then

(3.14) the pair (A, S) has a coincidence point.

Further, A and S have a unique common fixed point provided A and S satisfy the following:

(3.15) for any, and in M6 and for all t > 0,

Corollary 3.7. Let A and S be pair of self mappings of a modified intuitionistic fuzzy metric space

. If the pair (A,S) is subcompatible and reciprocally continuous mappings, then (3.14) is satisfied. Further, A and S have a unique common fixed point provided A and S satisfy the condition (3.15).

Example 3.1. [10]

Let be a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space where

and define as

where

is increasing and continuous function such that for all Clearly, satisfies all conditions (A) and (B). Define A, B, S and T by

and

where

for all

, t > 0. Clearly, for the sequence

, (A,S) and (B,T) are compatible as well as subsequentially continuous. Therefore, all the conditions of Theorem 3.1 are satisfied. Evidently, z = 0 is a coincidence as well as unique common fixed point of A, B, S and T.

Example 3.2. [10]

Let be a Modified Intuitionistic fuzzy metric space where and define

as

where is increasing and continuous function

such that for all

Clearly, satisfies all conditions (A) and (B). Define A, B, S and T by

and

for all, t > 0. Clearly, for the sequence, (A,S) and(B,T) are subcompatible as well as reciprocally continuous. Therefore, all the conditions of Theorem 3.2 are satisfied. Evidently, z = 0 is a coincidence as well as unique common fixed point of A, B, S and T.

4. Acknowledgements

The authors thank the referee for his/her careful reading and useful suggestions of the manuscript.

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