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Effect of Daily Consumption of Lactobacillus reuteri CRL 1098 on Cholesterol Reduction in Hypercholesterolemic Subjects

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.617163    4,692 Downloads   5,550 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The effect of daily consumption of a yogurt containing Lactobacillus reuteri CRL 1098 on the lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic subjects was evaluated by performing a prospective, randomized, double-blind, cross-over placebo controlled clinical study. Participants consumed daily a yogurt containing L. reuteri CRL 1098 or a placebo for four weeks, separated by a wash-out period. Total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, high-density (HDL) and low-density (LDL) lipoprotein levels were assessed at the beginning and at the end of each period. We found a statistically significant reduction of total (7.86 g/dl) and LDL (7.02 g/dl) cholesterol in absolute changes (before-after) as well as a decreasing trend in the group receiving the yogurt containing L. reuteri with respect to the placebo group, without detecting changes in HDL-cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels. Our results suggest that low amounts of yogurt (125 g/day) and low doses of the CRL 1098 strain (106 CFU) are sufficient to reduce total and LDL-cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemic subjects.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Malpeli, A. , Taranto, M. , Cravero, R. , Tavella, M. , Fasano, V. , Vicentin, D. , Ferrari, G. , Magrini, G. , Hébert, E. , Valdez, G. , Varea, A. , Tavella, J. and González, H. (2015) Effect of Daily Consumption of Lactobacillus reuteri CRL 1098 on Cholesterol Reduction in Hypercholesterolemic Subjects. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 1583-1590. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.617163.

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