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Body Image and Meta-Worry as Mediators of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.63022    2,582 Downloads   3,056 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Meta-worry and attitudes towards the body have been largely overlooked as potential risk factors for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) despite theorizing that a negative body image may play a critical role in the development of this disorder. Participants: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fit of a theoretical model specifying body image and meta-worry as mediators between cognitive, metacognitive beliefs and body dysmorphic disorder(BDD) in a nonclinical sample of 635 participants (304 male and 331 female). Results: The data supported the model, and meta-worry and body image significantly mediated the relationship between cognitive, metacognitive beliefs and BDD. These findings provide essential preliminary evidence that body image may represent a necessary but not sufficient risk factor for BDD and that treatment for BDD should consider targeting body-related pathology in addition to meta-worry. Conclusion: The model may prompt future research into body dysmorphic disorder.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Donyavi, V. , Rabiei, M. , Nikfarjam, M. and Nezhady, B. (2015) Body Image and Meta-Worry as Mediators of Body Dysmorphic Disorder. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 6, 170-176. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.63022.

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