Information for Authors Paper Submission

This page provides general information for authors. Practical and in some cases also journal specific information For Authors can be found on the respective journal page. Also the About SCIRP page contains important information for authors.

Submission Policy
Papers submitted to Scientific Research Publishing must contain original material. The submitted paper, or any translation of it, must neither be published, nor be submitted for publication elsewhere. Violations of these rules will normally result in an immediate rejection of the submission without further review.

Contributions should be written in English and include a 100-300 words abstract. SCIRP's journals usually welcome the following types of contributions:

• Original research articles
• Review articles, providing a comprehensive review on a scientific topic

All manuscripts and any supplementary material should be submitted via SCIRP's Paper Submission (and Manuscript Tracking) System (PSS) at Please follow the instructions given on this site.

General Peer-Review Process
All manuscripts submitted for publication in our journals are strictly and thoroughly peer-reviewed. This starts with a Plagiarism Check in the Editorial Office. A Handling Editor from the Editorial Board of the Journal (usually the Editor-in-Chief) together with the Editorial Office organizes the peer-review process. It starts with a Preliminary Review by the Handling Editor (finished no later than 10 days after manuscript submission).

If the manuscript is Accepted for Review, the Handling Editor collects at least two review comments and prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers (finished no later than 4 weeks after preliminary review). The decision letter is sent to the Corresponding Author who is asked for an adequate revision (peer-reviewed again whenever necessary). The author is asked to format the manuscript according to SCIRP’s template before it goes into typesetting and proofreading with the publisher. The author receives the paper in PDF produced by SCIRP for checking before it is published online. The Generic SCIRP Peer Review Process visualizes this.

Authors' Rights
SCIRP asks authors to grant SCIRP a nonexclusive copyright. In this way authors continue to hold copyright with no restrictions. Based on its copyright SCIRP produces the final paper in SCIRP’s layout. This version is given to the public (and hence also back to the authors) under the Creative Commons license (CC BY or CC BY-NC). For this reason authors may also publish the final paper in any repository or on any website with a complete citation of the paper. When linking to their paper, authors should make use of the link that SCIRP has established with It is a pointer to the full text of the final paper. The URL provides a persistent link which will never break. This link has the form

Find more information on reader and author rights on the AboutUs page.

SCIRP Publication Ethics Statement
SCIRP is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance.

SCIRP follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.

Authors should be aware of a possible Conflict of Interest. In such a case authors can still take responsibility for the accuracy of their paper, but must inform the reader with an appropriate statement in the Acknowledgements.

SCIRP Retraction Policy
SCIRP recognizes the importance of the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record. The historic record of published research articles shall remain available and unaltered as far as possible. However, circumstances may arise where a paper got published based on misconduct or honest error. Editors certainly guide the review process with much care, but it remains notoriously difficult to detect all occurrences of misconduct or error. For this reason it may become necessary to correct the scholarly record. The decision to alter the record should not be taken lightly. Action taken depends on the individual case and can take the form of
• Expression of Concern
• Correction (Erratum or Corrigendum)
• Retraction
• Removal
The purpose of the action is to correct the literature and to alert readers. It is not intended to punish the author(s).

The responsibility of guiding an investigation of misconduct or honest error is with the editor of the journal concerned. Authors and reviewers will take part in the investigation. The editor will decide on the form to best correct the scholarly record. Guiding principles are COPE's Retraction Guidelines and other accepted scholarly principles.

If final action originates from an author's request, the author will not be charged for it. If the measures taken (e.g. a retraction) were not initiated by the author(s) or are even taken without mutual agreement, the author(s) will not be financially compensated and Article Processing Charges (APC) will not be reimbursed.