_{1}

^{*}

Let the function
f
be analytic in U={z:z
∈C and
<1}
and be given by . In this paper, making use of the Srivastava-Attiya operator L_{s,b}, we introduce two classes of analytic functions and investigate some convolution properties and coefficient estimates for these classes. Furthermore, several inclusion properties involving these and other families of integral operators are
also considered.

Let A denote the class of functions f ( z ) of the form

f ( z ) = z + ∑ k = 2 ∞ a k z k , (1.1)

which are analytic in the open unit disk U = { z : z ∈ ℂ and | z | < 1 } . Also let f and g be analytic in U with f ( 0 ) = g ( 0 ) . Then we say that f is subordinate to g in U , written f ≺ g or f ( z ) ≺ g ( z ) , if there exists the Schwarz function w, analytic in U such that w ( 0 ) = 0 , | w ( z ) | < 1 and f ( z ) = g ( w ( z ) ) ( z ∈ U ) . We also observe that

f ( z ) ≺ g ( z ) in U

if and only if

f ( 0 ) = g ( 0 ) and f ( U ) ⊂ g (U)

whenever g is univalent in U .

For functions f j ( z ) ∈ A , given by

f j ( z ) = z + ∑ k = 2 ∞ a k , j z k ( j = 1 , 2 ) ,

we define the Hadamard product (or convolution) of f 1 ( z ) and f 2 ( z ) by

( f 1 ∗ f 2 ) ( z ) = z + ∑ k = 2 ∞ a k ,1 a k ,2 z k = ( f 2 ∗ f 1 ) ( z ) ( z ∈ U ) .

Making use of the principle of subordination between analytic functions, Bhoosnurmath and Devadas [

K α [ A , B ] of the class A for | α | < π 2 and − 1 ≤ B < A ≤ 1 as following (see

also [

S α [ A , B ] = { f ∈ A : e i α z f ′ ( z ) f ( z ) ≺ c o s α ( 1 + A z 1 + B z ) + i s i n α ( z ∈ U ) } , (1.2)

and

K α [ A , B ] = { f ∈ A : e i α ( z f ′ ( z ) ) ′ f ( z ) ≺ c o s α ( 1 + A z 1 + B z ) + i s i n α ( z ∈ U ) } . (1.3)

We note that

S 0 [ A , B ] = S [ A , B ] , K 0 [ A , B ] = K [ A , B ] ( − 1 ≤ B < A ≤ 1 ) ,

where the classes S [ A , B ] and K [ A , B ] are introduced and studied by many authors (see [

With a view to define the Srivastava-Attiya transform, we recall here a general Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function, which is defined in [

Φ ( z , s , a ) : = 1 a s + ∑ k = 1 ∞ z k ( k + a ) s

( a ∈ ℂ \ ℤ 0 − = { 0, − 1, − 2, ⋯ } ; s ∈ ℂ when z ∈ U ; Re ( s ) > 1 when | z | = 1 )

For further interesting properties and characteristics of the Hurwitz-Lerch Zeta and other related functions Φ ( z , s , a ) see [

Recently, Srivastava and Attiya [

L s , b ( f ) ( z ) = G s , b ( z ) ∗ f ( z ) ( z ∈ U ; b ∈ ℂ \ ℤ 0 − ; s ∈ ℂ ) , (1.4)

where

G s , b = ( 1 + b ) s [ Φ ( z , s , b ) − b − s ] ( z ∈ U ) . (1.5)

The operator L s , b is now popularly known in the literature as the Srivastava-Attiya operator. Various class-mapping properties of the operator L s , b (and its variants) are discussed in the recent works of Srivastava and Attiya [

It is easy to observe from (1.1) and (1.4) that

L s , b ( f ) ( z ) = z + ∑ k = 2 ∞ ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k . (1.6)

We note that:

1) L 0 , b ( f ) ( z ) = f ( z ) ;

2) L 1,0 ( f ) ( z ) = L ( f ) ( z ) = ∫ 0 z f ( t ) t d t ( f ∈ A ) (see Alexander [

3) L m , 1 ( f ) ( z ) = I m f ( z ) ( m ∈ ℕ 0 = ℕ ∪ { 0 } = { 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , ⋯ } ) (see Flett [

4) L γ ,1 ( f ) ( z ) = Q γ f ( z ) ( γ > 0 ) (see Jung et al. [

5) L m ,0 ( f ) ( z ) = L m f ( z ) ( m ∈ ℕ 0 ) (see Sǎlǎgean [

It is easily verified from (1.6) that

z ( L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ = ( b + 1 ) L s − 1, b ( f ) ( z ) − b L s , b ( f ) ( z ) (1.7)

( f ∈ A ; b ∈ ℂ \ ℤ 0 − ; s ∈ ℂ )

Next, by using the linear operator L s , b , we introduce the following new

classes of analytic functions for b ∈ ℂ \ ℤ 0 − , s ∈ ℂ , | α | < π 2 and

− 1 ≤ B < A ≤ 1 :

S s , b α [ A , B ] : = { f ∈ A : L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∈ S α [ A , B ] ( z ∈ U ) } (1.8)

and

K s , b α [ A , B ] : = { f ∈ A : L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∈ K α [ A , B ] ( z ∈ U ) } . (1.9)

It follows from the definitions (1.8) and (1.9) that

f ( z ) ∈ K s , b α [ A , B ] ⇔ z f ′ ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] ( z ∈ U ) . (1.10)

In this article, we investigate some convolution properties and coefficient estimates for the classes S s , b α [ A , B ] and K s , b α [ A , B ] . Furthermore, several inclusion properties and relevant connections of the results presented here with those obtained in earlier works are also discussed.

Unless otherwise mentioned, we will assume in the reminder of this paper that

− 1 ≤ B < A ≤ 1 , | α | < π 2 and | ζ | = 1 . In order to establish our convolution

properties, we shall need the following lemmas due to Bhoosnurnath and Devadas [

Lemma 2.1 ( [

1 z { f ( z ) ∗ ( 1 − M z ) z ( 1 − z ) 2 } ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) , (2.1)

where

M = e i α + ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α . (2.2)

Lemma 2.2 ( [

1 z { f ( z ) ∗ ( 1 − N z ) z ( 1 − z ) 3 } ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) , (2.3)

where

N = 2 e i α + [ ( A + B ) cos α + i 2 B sin α ] ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α . (2.4)

We begin by proving the following theorem.

Theorem 2.3 The function f ( z ) defined by (1.1) is in the class K s , b α [ A , B ] if and only if

1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ ( k − 1 + k B ζ ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k − 1 ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) .

Proof. From Lemma 2.1, we find that f ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] if and only if

1 z [ L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∗ ( 1 − M z ) z ( 1 − z ) 2 ] ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) , (2.5)

where M is given by (2.2). Then, by applying (1.6), the left hand side of (2.5) becomes

1 z [ L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∗ ( z ( 1 − z ) 2 − M z ( 1 − z ) 2 ) ] = 1 z [ z ( L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ − M { z ( L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ − L s , b ( f ) ( z ) } ] = 1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ ( k − 1 + k B ζ ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k − 1 ,

which completes the proof of Theorem 2.3.

Theorem 2.4 The function f ( z ) defined by (1.1) is in the class K s , b α [ A , B ] if and only if

1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ k ( k − 1 ) e i α − [ ( A − k B ) cos α − i ( k − 1 ) B sin α ] ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k − 1 ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) .

Proof. From Lemma 2.2, we observe that f ( z ) ∈ K s , b α [ A , B ] if and only if

1 z [ L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∗ ( 1 − N z ) z ( 1 − z ) 3 ] ≠ 0 ( z ∈ U ) , (2.6)

where N is given by (2.4). Then, by using (1.6), the left hand side of (2.6) may be written as

1 z [ L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ∗ ( z ( 1 − z ) 3 − N z 2 ( 1 − z ) 3 ) ] = 1 z [ 1 2 z ( z L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ ′ − N { 1 2 z ( z L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ ′ − z ( L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ } ] = 1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ k ( k − 1 ) e i α − [ ( A − k B ) cos α − i ( k − 1 ) B sin α ] ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k − 1 ,

which evidently proves Theorem 2.4.

Next, we determine coefficients estimates for a function of the form (1.1) to be in the classes S s , b α [ A , B ] and K s , b α [ A , B ] .

Theorem 2.5 Let b > − 1 and s ≥ 0 . The function f ( z ) defined by (1.1) is in the class S s , b α [ A , B ] if its coefficients satisfy the condition

∑ k = 2 ∞ ( k − 1 + | A cos α + i B sin α − k B e i α | ) ( 1 + b k + b ) s | a k | ≤ ( A − B ) cos α .

Proof. Since

| 1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ ( k − 1 + k B ζ ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α ( 1 + b k + b ) s a k z k − 1 | ≥ 1 − ∑ k = 2 ∞ | ( k − 1 + k B ζ ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α | ( 1 + b k + b ) s | a k | ,

and

| ( k − 1 + k B ζ ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α ) ζ ( A − B ) ζ cos α | = | ( k − 1 ) e i α − ( A cos α + i B sin α − k B e i α ) ζ | ( A − B ) cos α ≤ ( k − 1 ) + | A cos α + i B sin α − k B e i α | ( A − B ) cos α ,

by virtue of Theorem 2.3, we conclude that f ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] . Thus, the proof of Theorem 2.5 is completed.

By using arguments similar to those above with Theorem 2.4, we can prove the following theorem.

Theorem 2.6 Let b > − 1 and s ≥ 0 . The function f ( z ) defined by (1.1) is in the class K s , b α [ A , B ] if its coefficients satisfy the condition

∑ k = 2 ∞ k { k − 1 + | ( A − k B ) cos α − i ( k − 1 ) B sin α | } ( 1 + b k + b ) s | a k | ≤ ( A − B ) cos α .

To prove the inclusion properties for the classes S s , b α [ A , B ] and K s , b α [ A , B ] , we shall require the following lemma due to Eenigenburg et al. [

Lemma 3.1 ( [

p ( z ) + z p ′ ( z ) β p ( z ) + ν ≺ h ( z ) ( z ∈ U )

implies that p ( z ) ≺ h ( z ) ( z ∈ U ) .

By applying Lemma 3.1, we prove

Theorem 3.2 Let b > − 1 and s ≥ 0 . If

Re { e − i α z 1 + B z } > − b + 1 ( A − B ) cos α ( z ∈ U ) , (3.1)

then

S s − 1, b α [ A , B ] ⊂ S s , b α [ A , B ] .

Proof. Let f ( z ) ∈ S s − 1, b α [ A , B ] for b > − 1 and s ≥ 0 , and set

p ( z ) = e i α z ( L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ L s , b ( f ) ( z ) ( z ∈ U ) , (3.2)

where p ( z ) is analytic in U with p ( 0 ) = e i α . By applying the identity (1.7), we obtain

e − i α p ( z ) + b = ( b + 1 ) L s − 1, b ( f ) ( z ) L s , b ( f ) ( z ) . (3.3)

Making use of the logarithmic differentiation on both side in (3.3), we have

p ( z ) + z p ′ ( z ) e − i α p ( z ) + b ≺ c o s α ( 1 + A z 1 + B z ) + i s i n α = h ( z ) . (3.4)

Since the function h ( z ) is convex univalent in U with h ( 0 ) = e i α , from (3.1) we see that

Re { e − i α h ( z ) + b } > 0 ( z ∈ U ) .

Thus, by using Lemma 3.1 and (3.4), we observe that p ( z ) ≺ h ( z ) in U , so that f ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] . This completes the proof of theorem 3.2.

Theorem 3.3 Let b > − 1 and s ≥ 0 . Suppose that (3.1) holds for all z ∈ U . Then

K s − 1, b α [ A , B ] ⊂ K s , b α [ A , B ] .

Proof. Applying (1.10) and Theorem 3.2, we observe that

f ( z ) ∈ K s − 1, b α [ A , B ] ⇔ z f ′ ( z ) ∈ S s − 1, b [ A , B ]

⇒ z f ′ ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ]

⇔ f ( z ) ∈ K s , b α [ A , B ] ,

which evidently proves Theorem 3.3.

Putting b = 1 and A = − B = 1 in Theorem 3.2 and 3.3, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 3.4 Suppose that s ≥ 0 and

Re { e − i α z 1 − z } > − 1 cos α ( z ∈ U ) . (3.5)

Then

S s − 1,1 α [ 1, − 1 ] ⊂ S s ,1 α [ 1, − 1 ]

and

K s − 1,1 α [ 1, − 1 ] ⊂ K s ,1 α [ 1, − 1 ] .

Finally, we consider the generalized Bernardi-Libera-Livingston integral operator J σ ( f ) defined by (cf. [

J σ ( f ) ≡ J σ ( f ) ( z ) : = σ + 1 z σ ∫ 0 z t σ − 1 f ( t ) d t ( f ∈ A ; σ > − 1 ) . (3.6)

Theorem 3.5 Let b > − 1 , s ≥ 0 and σ > − 1 . Suppose that

Re { e − i α z 1 + B z } > − σ + 1 ( A − B ) c o s α ( z ∈ U ) . (3.7)

If f ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] , then J σ ( f ) ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] .

Proof. If we set

p ( z ) = e i α z ( L s , b J σ ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ L s , b J σ ( f ) ( z ) ( z ∈ U ) , (3.8)

where p ( z ) is analytic in U with p ( 0 ) = e i α . By virtue of (3.5), we observe that

z ( L s , b J σ ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ = ( σ + 1 ) L s , b ( f ) ( z ) − σ L s , b J σ ( f ) ( z ) ( z ∈ U ) . (3.9)

In view of (3.7) and (3.8), we have

e − i α p ( z ) + σ = ( σ + 1 ) L s , b ( f ) ( z ) L s , b J σ ( f ) ( z ) .

By using same argument as in the proof of Theorem 3.2 with (3.6), we conclude that J σ ( f ) ( z ) ∈ S s , b α [ A , B ] . This evidently completes the proof of Theorem 3.5.

Theorem 3.6 Let b > − 1 , s ≥ 0 and σ > − 1 . Suppose that (3.6) holds for all z ∈ U . If f ( z ) ∈ K s , b α [ A , B ] , then J σ ( f ) ( z ) ∈ K s , b α [ A , B ] .

Proof. By using Theorem 3.4, it follows that

f ( z ) ∈ K s , b [ A , B ] ⇔ z f ′ ( z ) ∈ S s , b [ A , B ]

⇒ J σ ( z f ′ ( z ) ) ∈ S s , b [ A , B ]

⇔ z ( J σ ( f ) ( z ) ) ′ ∈ S s , b [ A , B ]

⇒ J σ ( f ) ( z ) ∈ K s , b [ A , B ] ,

which completes the proof of Theorem 3.6.

This work was supported by Daegu National University of Education Research grant in 2017.

Choi, J.H. (2018) Applications for Certain Classes of Spirallike Functions Defined by the Srivastava-Attiya Operator. Advances in Pure Mathematics, 8, 615-623. https://doi.org/10.4236/apm.2018.86035