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This paper focus es on a Z source cascaded multilevel inverter which is designed to minimize harmonics in the output voltage . A balanced dc-link peak voltage can be achieved. The power generation module is built by PV panels which are connected to Z - Source Cascade H-bridge inverter. Cascaded multilevel inverter can achieve the distributed maximum power point tracking to increase the system efficiency and achieve high voltage/high power grid tie without a transformer. This paper analyzes the different PWM switching scheme and the operating states of a ZSI module and comparison is made with different PWM and total harmonic distortion of various PWM schemes.

Alternate energy sources such as solar, fuel cell, and wind have a wide voltage change range due to the nature of these sources. Photovoltaic cell voltage varies with temperature and irradiation. Fuel cell stack voltage drops greatly with load current. And wind generator voltage varies with wind speed and control. The traditional voltage source inverter that has been the power conversion technology for these energy sources cannot cope with the wide voltage change and often requires additional voltage boost by additional dc-dc converter, which increases cost, system complexity, and power loss. The Z-source converter/inverter systems can solve this problem. This single stage power conversion technology provides a great alternative with lower cost, higher reliability, and higher efficiency. System configurations, operating principles, features and results will be presented for advanced power conditioning of alternate energy systems. For any grid connected applications we need to use inverters and converters. Especially for renewable energy sources we use energy conversions.

A number of technical papers for minimization of THD have been reported for fundamental frequency operation using the most common multilevel (ML) inverter topologies [

Space vector modulation and carrier based modulation are proposed [

These devices, with their strong building integration and their development in urban zones can be subjected to severe shadows. Under these conditions, the PV field works under mismatching conditions that can lead to important power losses. Due to the climatic conditions and location, the solar panels produce different power output. Therefore while cascading PV power loss and string current exist. To minimize the string current, string current diverter should be used. The proposed system should decrease the drawbacks and keep the system reliable. This work focuses on total harmonics minimization efficient conversion. An asymmetric topology of this inverter is proposed here.

ZSI based Solar Power Generation System fed induction motor drive, where a unique impedance network is introduced to couple the inverter main circuit to the power source. A ZSI based Solar Power Generation System fed induction motor drive system has four major parts: a PV array-Source of DC voltage, Z-Source network containing two series inductors and two equal diagonally connected capacitors, a three-phase IGBT/Diode based inverter bridge and a three-phase induction motor drive. For feeding the required DC voltage to the Z-source Network, a PV array is used to generate the DC voltage with proper series and parallel combination of PV cells. Reverse current flow can be prevented by connecting a diode in series with the load circuit. The L_{1}, L_{2}, C_{1} and C_{2} are forming the Z-Source network. The boost function of the generated DC voltage is achieved by this Z-source network. The ZSI Bridge can boost the DC capacitors (C_{1} and C_{2}) voltage to any value that is the above the average DC value of the PV array. The output voltage is always obtainable regardless of the line voltage with the help of Z-source Bridge. Comparing the Z-source inverters with the traditional inverters, a shoot through state that the upper and lower switches of any one phase leg are shorten and this is the added state besides the zero state and active state.

In this method all the carriers are have the same frequency, same amplitude and same phase. All carriers selected above and below the zero reference are in same phase and amplitude of each carrier is chosen as 1.

where n is the number of carriers.

This technique employs a number of carriers (m − 1) which are all in phase above and below the zero reference. For example in 5-level converters all the four carrier waves are phase shifted by 180 degrees between the ones above and below zero reference. The reference signal is compared with all four carrier waves thereby gate pulses are generated and are associated to each switching devices. The carrier arrangement for this scheme with respect to the sine and trapezoidal reference wave is shown in the following

In this strategy, carries are seem to be invert their phase in turns from previous one so it is named as Alternate Phase Opposition Disposition PWM (APODPWM) strategy. Carrier set placed above the zero reference with Amplitude. The carrier arrangement for this scheme with respect to the sine and trapezoidal reference wave is shown in the following

The simulation results of various PWM schemes of corresponding ZS cascaded H bridge multilevel inverter fed with motor load is shown in figures below. The total harmonic distortion obtained for sinusoidal PDPWM scheme is dissipated in

The total harmonic distortion obtained for Trapezoidal PDPWM scheme is dissipated in

obtained 74.96 V and the total harmonic distortion is 12.38%.

The total harmonic distortion obtained for sinusoidal PODPWM scheme is dissipated in

It also shows the THD analysis of PDPOD and APOD sinusoidal PWM strategies.

The total harmonic distortion obtained for Trapezoidal PODPWM scheme is dissipated in

The total harmonic distortion obtained for sinusoidal APODPWM scheme is dissipated in

The total harmonic distortion obtained for trapezoidal APODPWM scheme is dissipated in

The output voltage of Z source integrated nine level inverter with motor load is show in

The comparison for three different PWM schemes is charted below with the total harmonic distortion tabulated in graph which is shown in

ma | PDPWM | PODPWM | APODPWM |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 14.52% | 16.98% | 14.66% |

ma | PDPWM | PODPWM | APODPWM |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 12.38% | 11.61% | 10.85% |

A cascaded multilevel inverter fed with ZSI has been proposed to overcome the shortcoming of the existing solutions in PV power system. The proposed circuit has fewer power semiconductors compared with the existing three-phase seven-level cascaded multilevel inverter. There are only eight power switches in the proposed nine-level multilevel inverter configuration. The passive component ratings are reduced to eliminate harmonics which exists in ZSI module. The balanced dc-link peak voltage is achieved by the control schemes. Simulations with different PWM techniques were carried out to verify the THD of proposed model. It is obtained that the trapezoidal PODPWM strategy has better %THD.

Maheswari, V., Nan- dagopal, V. and Kannan, C. (2016) Performance Metric of Z Source CHB Multilevel Inverter FED IM for Selective Harmonic Eli- mination and THD Reduction. Circuits and Systems, 7, 3794-3806. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/cs.2016.711317