_{1}

The given article presents an analytical model developed for a multichannel technical queuing system with time redundancy for operability management, subsystems of reliable periodical control of sudden and gradual failure detection and a subsystem for system recovery after failure. It is assumed in the model that the failures are governed by the Poisson probability distribution law and the times of reliable control and system recovery after failures are governed by an arbitrary law of probability distribution, in the general case depending on the number of servicers. The paper defines probabilities of accomplishment of certain task volumes by the system within a priori defined time intervals, taking into consideration its reliability characteristics.

Reliability is a technical system property to preserve its characteristics under the given maintenance conditions. Taking into account the above definition, the development and distribution of complex systems, such as computer systems, communication systems, automatic control systems, etc. require new approaches in order to raise their reliability characteristics. Creation of new technical systems requires high quality and reliability standards, which in its turn, makes it necessary to develop appropriate methods of calculation and forecast of new technology reliability. Due to various reasons (complexity, cumbersome, inaccessibility, etc.), we have to study not the system itself, but a formal description of its peculiarities, which are essential for the assessment of its reliability. Hence in order to calculate system reliability characteristics it is necessary to create a mathematical model of system operation and to develop computer methods, algorithms and reliability analysis programs. The influence of the types of distribution laws of characteristics of elements on system reliability, taking into consideration system operation peculiarities, such as element condition control, aftereffects of failures, the necessity of taking into account non-simultaneity of element operation, switching to the reserve, opportunity of system reconfiguration in the process of system operation, introduction of different reservation types, etc. lead to a necessity of system analysis with arbitrary distribution laws. At present, however, not only practical methods are absent, but theoretical calculation methods of effective operation of systems of variable structures, which can change randomly over short time intervals, are absent as well. Structural changes are always related to the changes of functions performed by the system. The existing methods are unable to calculate reliability of current systems with a large number of states and complex relationships. A similar picture can be observed with the dynamically changing boundary between failures and operation states. Reliability theory problems of such complexity have not been sufficiently studied.

At present numerous publications are known which reflect technologies, logical, physical and program structure of contemporary computer networks [

The article is dedicated to the development of one specific but a more generalized model of analysis and synthesis of complex networks that is based on the theory of systems and networks of mass service (theory of queues). The preculiatity of this model is in the use of methods of the theory of reliability for accounting of the reliable characteristics of serving devices. The article represents a certain perfection and generalization of previous works of the author [

The given paper deals with the development of an analytical model of complex technical queuing systems with various operation states, taking into account servicer reliability and available time redundancy. It is also assumed that time reservation is used for system switching and reconfiguration, recovery after failures, for a repeated fulfillment of the performed task, etc.

The results of the presented work applied to reliability and efficiency analysis of the above-mentioned technical systems enable one to take into consideration the following peculiarities: variable system structure, a large number of states, arbitrary distribution laws of random factors, forms and types of failures and their aftereffects, ways and characteristics of element operability control system, operation peculiarities in real time, time of reconfiguration, availability of technical maintenance, breaks in the process of element operation, different states of hardware reserve; it also takes into account time reserve, multifunctionality of the system, choice of optimal parameters of the system.

The apparatus used in the paper includes classical methods of reliability theory, theory of mathematical and functional analysis, probability theory, theory of differential equations, theory of integral equations, theory of graphs and queuing theory.

The results of the paper can be applied to system operation reliability and efficiency assessment both at the stage of system design and at operation stage in order to ensure optimal characteristics.

The present paper develops a technical queuing system operation model under the following assumptions:

・ The number of servicers is n;

・ The system performs a task, for the accomplishment of which under trouble-free conditions of all n servicers, time t is required;

・ The servicers are affected by the Poisson flow of gradual and sudden failures, the total intensity of which in a general case depends on the number of servicers and is equal to

・ The system is designed to ensure availability of a reliable control, which with a time distribution function

・ As soon as they are detected, the failed servicers are sent for recovery, which is performed with an arbitrary distribution function

・ It is assumed in the given model that the failures do not depreciate the work that has been already done and after the recovery of a servicer the task is resumed at the failure point.

For a probabilistic description of the mentioned system the following functions are introduced:

・

・

・

Using the introduced functions, on the basis of probabilistic considerations we can write the following integral equation defining the process of task fulfillment in the described system:

We will explain the meaning of the expressions involved in Equation (1):

1)

2)

1)

2)

3)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

If we divide both parts Equation (2) into

The solution of the above equation can be expressed as:

The constant С is defined by Equation (2), under the condition that

Using the obtained probabilities we can easily find various indicators of the effective functioning of the described system. In particular,

when no work has been done before the starting time, i.e. when

when there are no undetectable failures, i.e. when

Differentiating Equation (7) with respect to s when s tends to zero, we obtain the average time of task accomplishment under defined conditions:

where

When there are no detectable failures in the system, i.e. when

Differentiating Equation (8) with respect to s when s tends to zero and opening the indeterminate according L’Hopital’s rules, we obtain the average time of task accomplishment under defined conditions:

For the general case when

The formula for calculating the availability ratio of the described type of the technical system will have the following form:

Results obtained in the given paper represent a certain generalization of the results already described in technical literature. They enable one to calculate probabilities of possible states of the system described above, the application of which makes it possible to express other important characteristics of a reliable and efficient operation of such systems.

The adequacy of the proposed model, taking into consideration the above-mentioned assumptions, can be proved by means of strict mathematical considerations and transformations as well as by the obtained conclusions.

The assertion that the model is new and the most generalized is proved by the fact that under certain assumptions with respect to system parameters, models are obtained that coincides with some models already known in literature.

The results of the article can be successfully applied to the analysis and synthesis of complex technical systems, such as computer data transmission systems, local and distributed, stationary and mobile computer and communication systems and networks, flexible production lines, various automatic control systems for manufacturing, organizational and technological processes as well as to other sophisticated technical systems serving both civil and military purposes. They can be used both for the assessment of the existing and the required levels of reliability, durability, productivity and operation efficiency of complex technical systems both at the design and operation stages.

Ramaz R. Shamugia, (2016) Probabilistic Model of Technical Queuing Systems with Subsystems for Detection and Recovery of Failures. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences,09,305-310. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2016.98027