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The problem of seismic response of buried pipeline aimed at the interaction of soil around the pipeline and the complicated calculation model was considered, and the various simplified finite element model was calculated, and it was analyzed. Firstly, the ADINA finite element analysis software was used. The four nodes in shell unit were used by tube. The spring unit was used by soil spring. The analysis model of buried pipeline finite element numerical based on tension and compression spring was established. Seismic wave was input. The response to the simple boundary, viscoelastic boundary earthquake were calculated and analyzed by the finite element numerical simulation. The pipeline’s earthquake ground motion response was obtained, and was compared with the real soil model, and the most suitable simplified calculation model for numerical analysis of buried pipeline was found, which was the numerical analysis model of buried pipeline pressure spring tension finite element based on the viscoelastic boundary, and the theory basis for the seismic design of pipeline was provided.

Pipeline transportation is the main means of energy transportation, and it is the lifeline engineering of modern society. China is an earthquake prone country [

The pipe body was adopted the four node shell unit because the buried pipeline was a three-dimensional modeling. The soil around the buried pipeline was replaced by soil spring, the spring unit was chosen when being modelled in ADINA. The nonlinear analysis was carried out, and the tension spring was used to simulate the soil spring. The nonlinear properties were needed to open the panel, and the appropriate force displacement relation and the parameters of the nonlinear elastic material were set up.

The Q235 was selected as the pipeline steel in this paper, the curves of experiment of simplified bilinear stress-strain relationship was used in ADINA finite element software. The interaction between in soil and pipe was simulated through three directional nonlinear spring, and the soil spring was included three direction (axis, horizontal, vertical). The pipe body was adopted four node shell elements, and was used steel pipes, pipe diameter was equal to 0.764 meter, pipeline wall thickness was equal to 0.01 meter, the burial depth of the pipe was equal to 2 meter, Young’s modulus was equal to E = 2.1e11pa, density was equal to ρ = 7800 kg/m^{3}, poisson’s ratio was equal to μ = 0.3, it was above underground water level, and it was soil type in IV site.

The seismic waves of El Centro were used, the duration time of the earthquake was 10 second. The time interval was 0.02 second. As shown in

considered the effect of ground motion of different intensity. This wave was had a high magnitude, and it was more suitable to be used as a design basis than other seismic waves. The input was adjusted according to the requirement of the 8 degree earthquake, seismic acceleration records were from north to south.

The viscoelastic boundary could be implemented in ADINA, which was a linear single degree of freedom spring damping unit in ADINA. In this spring, the stiffness matrix and damping matrix of the ground spring were all one-dimensional.

Simple boundary: Fixed boundary was used in both ends of pipeline;

Viscoelastic boundary: Spring damper unit was adopted in the two ends of the pipe.

The pipeline was used four node Shell unit, as shown in

Viscoelastic boundary: The seismic response displacement and response stress of the pipeline length of 30 m, 40 m, 60 m and 80 m were calculated and analyzed.

As shown in

Centro El acceleration wave in horizontal direction was introduced, and the difference between the simple

Pipe length (m) | Maximum horizontal displacement (m) | maximum compressive stress (pa) |
---|---|---|

30 | 0.005165 | 2,635,972 |

40 | 0.005184 | 3,441,374 |

60 | 0.005204 | 3,827,513 |

80 | 0.005214 | 3,773,118 |

boundary and the viscoelastic boundary pipeline and the soil mass was observed.

The solid modeling was used in the soil, as shown in Figures 4-6. Although it was relatively time consuming, the relative efficiency was relatively low, but the calculation result was relatively reliable. In this paper, the ADINA software was used to establish the solid model of the buried pipeline, and the pipeline length was 60 meters. The purpose of this paper was to compare the numerical results of the finite element model of the buried pipeline with the finite element model of the buried pipeline.

As shown in

type | maximum horizontal displacement (m) | maximum compressive stress (pa) |
---|---|---|

The entity model of soil | 0.001675 | 970,931 |

simple boundary | 0.004164 | 17,940,000 |

viscoelastic boundary | 0.005057 | 3,827,513 |

The finite element calculation model of the buried pipeline based on the viscoelastic boundary was established. By being based on the finite element analysis software ADINA, the calculation area of the buried pipeline with tension and compression spring based on the viscoelastic boundary under the action of Centro El acceleration wave was analyzed. It was concluded that the simplified calculation area was 60 times the diameter.

By being used ADINA finite element analysis software, the ground motion response of the pipeline under the action of the IV field and the seismic action was analyzed and compared with the simple boundary, the viscoelastic boundary and the solid pipeline model. It was found that it was more practical to simulate the effect of the tension spring and the soil of the solid earth. But the solid earth model was time consuming. The maximum compressive stress was much greater than the simple boundary entity model of viscoelastic soil boundary horizontal maximum compressive stress, which was larger error, and the viscoelastic boundary was achieved, and theoretical basis for seismic design of pipeline was provided.

Xiaoli Li,Jing Sun,Tinghui Li, (2016) The Analysis and Comparison of All Kinds of Buried Pipeline Model Based on Seismic Effect. Engineering,08,365-370. doi: 10.4236/eng.2016.86034