JAMPJournal of Applied Mathematics and Physics2327-4352Scientific Research Publishing10.4236/jamp.2015.35068JAMP-56690ArticlesPhysics&Mathematics The Kinetic Energy Formula for the Closed Planar Homothetic Inverse Motions in Complex Plane nderSener1*AyhanTutar1*Department of Mathematics, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey* E-mail:ondersener_55@hotmail.com(NS);atutar@omu.edu.tr(AT);1105201503055565626 April 2015accepted 24 May 27 May 2015© Copyright 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. 2014This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

In this paper, the kinetic energy formula was expressed during one-parameter closed planar homothetic inverse motions in complex plane. Then the relation between the kinetic energy formula and the Steiner formula was given. As an example the sagittal motion of a telescopic crane was considered. This motion was described by a double hinge consisting of the fixed control panel of telescopic crane and the moving arm of telescopic crane. The results were applied to experimentally measured motion.

Steiner Formula Kinetic Energy Inverse Motions Planar Kinematics Homothetic Motions
1. Introduction

For a geometrical object rolling on a line and making a complete turn, some properties of the area of a path of a point were given by  . The Steiner area formula and the Holditch theorem during one parameter closed planar homothetic motions were expressed by  . If the points of the moving planes which enclose the same area lie on a circle, then the centre of this circle is called the Steiner point (h = 1)   . Dathe H. and Gezzi R. expressed the formula of kinetic energy for the closed planar kinematics  . The formula of kinetic energy for the closed planar homothetic inverse motion was expressed by  . In our previous paper, the Steiner formula and the polar moment of inertia for the closed planar homothetic inverse motions were given in complex plane  . In this paper, we calculated the expression of the kinetic energy formula under one parameter closed planar homothetic inverse motions in complex plane. Furthermore, we expressed the relation between the area enclosed by a path and the kinetic energy. In the case of the homothetic scale the results given by  were obtained as a special case. As an example, Dathe H. and Gezzi R. have chosen the sagittal part of the movement of the human leg during walking for planar kinematics  . We considered the sagittal motion of a telescopic crane which was described by a double hinge being fixed and moving as an example. The kinetic energy formula was calculated for this motion. Moreover, the relation between the kinetic energy and the Steiner formula was expressed.

2. The Kinetic Energy in Planar Homothetic Inverse Motion

We consider one parameter closed planar homothetic motion between two reference systems: the fixed and the moving E, with their origins and orientations. Then, we take into account motion relative to the moving coordinate system (inverse motion). We know the motion defined by the transformation

is called one-parameter closed planar homothetic direct motion in complex plane.

By taking displacement vector and, the total angle of rotation, the motion defined by the transformation

is called one-parameter closed planar homothetic inverse motion in complex plane and denoted by, where h is a homothetic scale of the motion, X and are the position vectors with respect to the moving and fixed rectangular coordinate systems of a point, respectively. The homothetic scale h and the vector X and are continuously differentiable functions of a real parameter t.

In Equation (1), is the trajectory with the respect to the moving system of a point belonging to the fixed system.

If we consider the below coordinates of Equation (1)

we can write

From Equation (2), the components of may be given as

If we show the coordinates of the Equation (1)

and the rotation matrice

we can obtain

From Equation (3), by differentiation with respect to t, we have

A moment with a first order in the time derivatives can be introduced by

which is the integral over the kinetic energy of a point with mass.

Using Equation (7) we can calculate the equation

If Equation (9) is replaced in Equation (8),

is obtained.

If is taken, then for the formula of kinetic energy of the origin point we have

If Equation (11) is replaced in Equation (10),

can be written.

For, we have

 (14)

If Equation (14) of  is respectively replaced at coefficients of and in Equation (10) and by calculating necessary operations,

is obtained.

Now we consider the case in which the motion is closed and naturally parametrized. Then, it follows

, and. With those assumptions, we obtain

If we consider the equations

 (9)

 (11)

and

 (12)

and Equations (9), (11) and (12) of  are replaced in Equation (14),

is arrived at the relation between the formula of kinetic energy and the formula for the area.

3. Application: The Inverse Motion of Telescopic Crane

The motion of telescopic crane has a double hinge and “a double hinge” means that it has two systems a fixed arm and a moving arm of telescopic crane (Figure 1). There is a control panel of telescopic crane at the origin of fixed system. “L” arm can extend or retract by h parameter. Also we consider (Equation (12) of  ). Now we use it for this section.

If we calculate the time derivative of the equation

 (37)

we obtain

We must calculate for the formula of kinetic energy in Equation (8). So then, in Section 3.1 of  , we integrate the previous equation using periodic boundary conditions while assuming that the integrands are

periodic functions. The periodicity of f implies that integrals of the following types vanish.

The arms of telescopic crane as a double hinge

If we calculate the time derivative of the equation

 (36)

we have

Then if Equation (36) of  and Equation (18) are replaced in calculating data and in Section 2, by using the parameters;

is obtained.

If we consider the equations

 (41)

and

 (42)

and Equations (41) and (42) of  are replaced in Equation (19), then

is arrived at the relation between the formula of kinetic energy and the area formula for application.

ReferencesSteiner, J. (1840) Von dem Krummungs-Schwerpuncte Ebener Curven. Journal fur die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik, 21, 33-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/crll.1840.21.33Tutar, A. and Kuruoglu, N. (1996) The Steiner Formula and the Holditch Theorem for the Homothetic Motions on the Planar Kinematics. Mechanism and Machine Theory, 34, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0094-114X(98)00028-7Muller H.R. ,et al. (1978)Verallgemeinerung einer Formel von Steiner Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 29, 107-113.Muller H.R. ,et al. (1978)Uber Tragheitsmomente bei Steinerscher Massenbelegung Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 29, 115-119.Dathe, H. and Gezzi, R. (2014) Addenda and Erratum to: Characteristic Directions of Closed Planar Motions. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 94, 551-554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zamm.201300230Tutar, A. and Inan, E. (2015) The Formula of Kinetic Energy for the Closed Planar Homothetic Inverse Motions. International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 28.Sener, O. and Tutar, A. (2014) The Steiner Formula and the Polar Moment of Inertia for the Closed Planar Homothetic Inverse Motions in Complex Plane. Submitted.Dathe, H. and Gezzi, R. (2012) Characteristic Directions of Closed Planar Motions. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 92, 2-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zamm.201100178