_{1}

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At Present, to satisfy the demand of passengers travelling convenience, China’s High Speed Railway has entered an unprecedented rapid development period. Under this background, research on operation cost-benefits of china high-speed railway is most important and meaningful. The article concludes the following three parts. The first part is to give the definition of research scope. The second part is to give analysis and evaluation on opening and operation cost-benefits. This part is to give a detailed evaluation indexes system and FAHP calculation model; furthermore, to give an example to illustrate the application of evaluation indexes system and FAHP calculation model. The final part is to give effective suggestions and measures to improve cost-benefits of CRH.

At Present, to satisfy the demand of passengers travelling convenience and saving time, Construction of High-Speed Railway to meet the market demand has become a new trend of railway development in China. According to the , by 2020, our country railway mileage will reach 12,000Km , electrification rate will reach 60%. In which, there will eventually form 30,000 high-speed passenger transportation network with newly built 16,000 Km four vertical and four horizontal passenger railway line and existing line renewal [

The article focuses on comprehensive benefits of high speed railway train with initial letter G, D and C or with speed more than 200 Km/h [

Range of Trains | Range of Benefits | ||
---|---|---|---|

High speed railway train with initial letter G, D and C or with speed more than 200 Km/h. | Social benefits | Economic benefits | Market benefits |

benefits and market benefit.

Social benefits are promoting effects to region economic and trade exchanges, tourism development, the personnel flow and material circulation brought by opening of high speed railway train in origin station, intermediate station and terminal station [

1) Number of Train N

The index is quantity of opening train to transport predict volume of passengers.

2) Number of Passengers Carried Q_{p }

N_{i }Denotes the quantity of train of type i

A_{i }Denotes the train quota of train of type i l Denotes Train Average Attendance Rate

3) Train Average Transport Mileage l

Economic benefits are earnings equaling to the transportation revenue minus the corresponding costs brought by opening of high speed railway train. It can be explained by the following indexes:

1) Total Transportation Revenue I_{t}

It is sum of all types of transportation revenue concluding ticket revenue, package revenue, mail revenue and other revenue. The indexes can be calculated by the following formula:

P_{i} Denotes fare rate of train

2) Total Transportation Costs C_{t}

It is sum of all types of transportation costs. The indexes can be calculated simply by the following formula:

(4)

c denotes unit costs of a person kilometer MI denotes average mileage M denotes total volume of passengers

3) Train Average Attendance Rate l

_{k}

Market benefits are effects on improvement of railway passenger traffic, increasing of railway competition capacity and strong attractive to potential passenger market [

1) Service Quality Index It can be divided the following three types:

①Degree of Convenience Index It is gotten by the experts grading score.

②Degree of Comfort Index It is also gotten by the experts grading score.

③Departure Frequency Index It is the percentage of opening train numbers accounts for total train number.

2) Market Competition Index It can be divided the following three types:

①Available Type of Train Index It is total type available for passengers to choose.

②Average Service Frequency Index It is train number allowing to chosen by passengers.

③Train Average Speed It is average speed of opening train which can be gotten by statistics.

According to the definition and description above-mentioned, a detailed evaluation indexes system of high speed railway is as follows. See

The article takes Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Method (FAHP) to establish comprehensive calculation model to evaluate the comprehensive benefits of opening CRH. The comprehensive calculation model is as follows [

In the comprehensive calculation model, W denotes weight vector; W_{i }denotes weight of No i evaluation index; R denotes total evaluation matrix of n evaluation indexes; B denotes comprehensive evaluation index matrix; b_{j} denotes membership of level i.

According to the FAHP Method and Comprehensive Calculation Model, the detailed five evaluation steps applied in M train are as follows:

Objective | Detailed Objective | Types of total indexes | Detailed indexes |
---|---|---|---|

Comprehensive benefits | Social benefits | railway traffic volume index | Number of Train |

Number of Passengers Carried | |||

Train Average Transport Mileage | |||

Economics benefits | Economic benefits index | Total transportation Revenue | |

Total Transportation Costs | |||

Train Attendance Rate | |||

Market benefits | Service Quality Index | Degree of Convenience Index | |

Degree of Comfort Index | |||

Departure Frequency Index | |||

Market Competition Index | Available Type of Train Index | ||

Average Service Frequency Index | |||

Train Average Speed |

T | T_{1} | T_{2} | T_{3} | T_{4} | W |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

T_{1} | 0.5 | 0.2 | 0.3 | 0.4 | 0.175 |

T_{2} | 0.8 | 0.5 | 0.6 | 0.6 | 0.3125 |

T_{3} | 0.7 | 0.4 | 0.5 | 0.6 | 0.275 |

T_{4} | 0.6 | 0.4 | 0.4 | 0.5 | 0.2375 |

T_{1} | T_{11} | T_{12} | T_{13} | W_{1} |
---|---|---|---|---|

T_{11} | 0.5 | 0.3 | 0.6 | 0.321 |

T_{12} | 0.7 | 0.5 | 0.7 | 0.383 |

T_{13} | 0.4 | 0.3 | 0.5 | 0.296 |

T_{2} | T_{21} | T_{22} | T_{23} | W_{2} |
---|---|---|---|---|

T_{21} | 0.5 | 0.7 | 0.5 | 0.358 |

T_{22} | 0.3 | 0.5 | 0.3 | 0.284 |

T_{23} | 0.5 | 0.7 | 0.5 | 0.358 |

T_{3} | T_{31} | T_{32} | T_{33} | W_{3} |
---|---|---|---|---|

T_{31} | 0.5 | 04 | 0.6 | 0.333 |

T_{32} | 0.6 | 0.5 | 0.7 | 0.371 |

T_{33} | 0.4 | 0.3 | 0.5 | 0.296 |

T_{4} | T_{41} | T_{42} | T_{43} | W_{4} |
---|---|---|---|---|

T_{41} | 0.5 | 0.3 | 0.4 | 0.296 |

T_{42} | 0.7 | 0.5 | 0.6 | 0.371 |

T_{43} | 0.6 | 0.4 | 0.5 | 0.333 |

R_{1} = _{2} =

R_{3} = _{4} =

According to the comprehensive evaluation value, the M train gets 7.102 score. It indicate that M train’s comprehensive benefit is more than middle-level.

In conclusion, China’s High Speed Railway has gradually become the main and important mode of transportation in railway enterprise. Under the background, the objects of opening and operation of high speed railway is pursuit of maximum comprehensive benefits, which including social benefits, economic benefits and market benefits. Based on the three parts benefits, the article establishes a comprehensive evaluation indexes system and to further set an example to verify it taking the FAHP (Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process) Calculation Model, it proves that comprehensive evaluation indexes system is reliable and feasible and high speed railway train should pursue comprehensive benefits. For this purpose, some effective measures to improve comprehensive benefits of CRH should be taken. Optimizing the opening plan of CRH, Improving transportation revenues based on flexible pricing strategy, strengthen costs control, actively expanding the market and improving service quality, which are all effective measures [

Qing Yang, (2015) Research on Operation Cost-Benefits of China High-Speed Railway. Open Journal of Social Sciences,03,42-47. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.33009