^{1}

^{*}

^{1}

^{2}

Based on
H
^{1}-Galerkin mixed finite element method with nonconforming quasi-Wilson element, a numerical approximate scheme is established for pseudo-hyperbolic equations under arbitrary quadrilateral meshes. The corresponding optimal order error estimate is derived by the interpolation technique instead of the generalized elliptic projection which is necessary for classical error estimates of finite element analysis.

Consider the following initial-boundary value problem of pseudo-hyperbolic equation

where is bounded convex polygonal domain in with Lipschitz continuous boundary.

is smooth function with bounded derivatives,

, and f are given functions, and

for positive constants and.

The pseudo-hyperbolic equation is a high-order partial differential system with mixed partial derivative with respect to time and space, which describe heat and mass transfer, reaction-diffusion and nerve conduction, and other physical phenomena. This model was proposed by Nagumo et al. [

On the other hand, H^{1}-Galerkin mixed finite element method (see [^{1}-Galerkin mixed finite element procedure to deal with parabolic partial differential equations and parabolic partial integro-differential equations, respectively. Liu and Li [6,7] applied this method to deal with pseudohyperbolic equations and fourth-order heavy damping wave equation. Further, Shi and Wang [

It is well-known that the convergence behavior of the well-known nonconforming Wilson element is much better than that of conforming bilinear element. So it is widely used in engineering computations. However, it is only convergent for rectangular and parallelogram meshes. The convergence for arbitrary quadrilateral meshes can not be ensured since it passes neither Irons Patch Test [

In the present work, we will focus on H^{1}-Galerkin nonconforming mixed finite element approximation to problem (1) under arbitrary quadrilateral meshes. We firstly prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution for semi-discrete scheme. Then, based on a very special property of the quasi-Wilson element i.e. the consistency error is one order higher than interpolation error, we deduce the optimal order error estimates for semidiscrete scheme directly without using the generalized elliptic projection which is a indispensable tool in the tradition finite element methods.

This paper is arranged as follows. In Section 2, we briefly introduce the construction of nonconforming mixed finite element. In section III, we will discuss the H^{1}-Galerkin mixed finite element scheme for pseudohyperbolic equations. At last, the corresponding optimal order error estimates are obtained for semi-discrete scheme.

Assume to be the reference element in the plane with vertices

and.

Let and be the four edges of.

We define the finite elements by

where, , ,

and

When, it is the so-called Wilson element.

The interpolations defined above are properly posed and the interpolation functions can be expressed as

and

Given a convex polygonal domain, Let

be a decomposition of such that

satisfies the regularity assumption [

, is the diameter of the finite element K.

Then there exists a invertible mapping

The associated finite element space and are defined as

and

Then for allwe define the interpolation operators and by

and

Let be the set of square integrable functions on and the space of two dimensional vectors which have all components in with its norm. Let be the space of vectors in

which has divergence in with norm denotes the inner product. For our subsequent use, we also use the standard sobolve space with a norm Especially for, we denote and

Throughout this paper, C denotes a general positive constant which is independent of h.

Let and, then the corresponding weak formulation is: Find , such that

The corresponding semi-discrete finite element procedure is: Find, such that

For all, we define

and

It is easy to see that and are norms of

and, respectively.

Theorem 1. Problem (3) has a unique solution.

Proof. Let and the basis of and

. Suppose that

then (3) can be written as

where

Sine (4) gives a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) for the vector function and, by the assumptions on and the theory of ODEs, it follows that and has the unique solution for (see [

In order to get the error estimates the following lemma which will play an important role in our analysis and can be found in [

Lemma 1. For all, then there holds

where denotes the outward unit normal vector to.

Now, we will state the following main result of this paper.

Theorem 2. Suppose that and be the solutions of the (2) and (3), respectively,

, and

, then we have

and

where

.

Proof. Let

It is easy to see that for all, there hold the following error equations

Choosing in (7(a)) and using the CauchySchwartz’s inequality yields

Further, choosing in (7(b)) leads to

For the right side of (9), applying -Young’s inequality and noting that is a smooth function with bounded derivatives, we get

By Lemma 1 and -Young’s inequality, we have

Choosing small and combining (9)-(12), we can derive

Integrating the both sides of (13) with respect to time from 0 to t, by Gronwall’s lemma and noting , we obtain

together with (8), there yields

Finally, by use of the triangle inequality, (14) and (15), we get (5) and (6). The proof is completed.

This research is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.10971203); Tianyuan Mathematics Foundation of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.11026154) and the Natural Science Foundation of the Education Department of Henan Province (Grant Nos.2010A110018; 2011A110020).