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The transversal conductivity of the gap-modification of the graphene was studied in the cases of weak nonquatizing and quantizing magnetic field. In the case of nonquantizing magnetic field the expression of the current density was derived from the Boltzmann equation. The dependence of conductivity and Hall conductivity on the magnetic field intensity was investigated. In the case of quantizing magnetic field the expression for the graphene transversal magnetoconductivity taking into account the scattering on the acoustic phonons was derived in the Born approximation. The graphene conductivity dependence on the magnetic field intensity was investigated. The graphene conductivity was shown to have the oscillations when the magnetic field intensity changes. The features of the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in graphene superlattice are discussed.

The development of the microand nanoelectronics requires the search of new materials and structures. Presently the investigators are attracted by the electron features of the graphene (monolayer carbon) which is obtained in the laboratory recently [

Secondly this material has a number of unusual properties due to it band structure peculiarities [5-7]. Nonparabolicity and non-additivity of the graphene electronic spectrum enable the appearance of a number of the nonlinear kinetic effects in this material [8-11]. Besides near the so-called Dirac points of the Brillouin zone for the gapless modification of the graphene the dispersion law is linear in the absolute value of the quasimomentum which is corresponding to the massless particles [

More recently, the electric properties of the graphene superlattice (GSL) are under investigations [12-16].

The theoretical and experimental studies of the influence of the external fields of different configuration on the graphene transport features are held recently [17-25]. The conductivity oscillations in the graphene under the spatially modulated magnetic field are investigated theoretically in [

When the graphene is put on the substrate (SiC for example) then the gap arises (so-called the gap modification of the graphene [26,27]). The electron spectrum of the gap modification of the graphene can be written in the view [

where is the quasimomentum, is the gap semiwidth, is the velocity on the Fermi surface.

When the graphene sheet is applied upon a periodic substrate, a superlattice (SL) is formed on the graphene surface [

which is in good agree with dispersion low [

In this paper the dependence of the graphene gap modification conductivity on the magnetic field intensity was investigated. Moreover the peculiarities of Shubnikov-de Haaz effect in the graphene superlattice were discussed.

Consider the graphene lying in the plane under the crossed magnetic and electric fields so that the magnetic field intensity is directed perpendicularly to the graphene plane and the electric field intensity is directed along the axis.

Consider the case of the nonquantizing magnetic field:, where is the electron gas temperature in energy units. Current density arising in graphene under the condition described above is calculated with the following formula:

where is the electron velocity, is the nonequilibrium state function which is determined from the Boltzmann equation written in the approximation of the constant relaxation time:

The solution of the kinetic Equation (4) is the following function:

where is the equilibrium state function. The electron momentum is the solution of the classical equation of motion:

where is initial momentum. Solving (6) by the iterations of the small parameter we obtain the following expression in linear approximation of the electric field intensity:

Introduce the following denotations:

Replacing (5) - (8) to (3) and considering that, , are the odd functions of and we define the projections of current density in the linear approximation of:

In (10) and (11) we introduced dimensionless variables:, and denote. Choose the equilibrium state function in the view of Boltzmann function:

where is the constant determined from the normalization condition:

is the surface concentration of the charge carriers. Replace in (10), (11) and (13) the summation by the momentum to the integration in the polar coordinates:

.

As a result we obtain the following expressions for the projections of the current density:

The components of the conductivity tensor are determined from the formulas,. Therefore the magnitoconductivity of the graphene is equal to:

Hall conductivity has the view:

where.

The conductivity tensor dependence on the magnetic field intensity is investigated numerically. The plots of the conductivity dependence on the magnetic field intensity built with the formulas (16) and (17) for the following values of parameters: cm^{–2}, eV, s, cm/s, are shown on the

Define the graphen magnetoconductivity in the case of the quantizing magnetic field at law temperatures: . In [

where is Larmor radius. The next function is the solution of the Equation (20):

where is the oscillator function, is the projection of the wave vector of the electron on the axis, , is the linear size of the graphene. Eigen values of the electron energy are as follows:

From the cyclic conditions along the axis: number is followed to take the values:

, (23)

To calculate the current density in the graphene under the quantizing magnetic field we use the method developed in [

The total density matrix taking into account the transition processes is determined from the equation:

where is Hamiltonian taking into account the magnetic field, the electric field and the scattering potential:

.

The stationary density matrix is the total density matrix after such a long period of time during which all transition processes disappear. In Born approximation in scattering potential and in linear approximation in the electric field intensity we obtain:

After substitution of (25) in (24) and after the some transformations we obtain the following expression for the transversal magnetoconductivity of graphene which coincides with the Titeica formula [

Consider the electrons dissipate on the acoustic phonons in graphene. Then the scattering potential can be written in the following view [

where, is the wave vector of the acoustic phonons, is the deformation potential, is the surface density of graphene, is the sound velocity in graphene, is the sample area. After substitution of (27) in (26) we obtain:

From (28) the conductivity is shown to be different from zero in the case when. The absolute value of the matrix element included in the formula (28) is equal:

where is the Laguerre polynomial. After substitution of (29) in (28) and after calculation of the sum by and we obtain:

where

If the conductivity oscillations are small in compared with the non-oscillatory part then it can be taken into account in one of the sum (30) only. At low temperatures electron gas is degenerate. Hence Fermi-Dirac state function is needed to use as the function in the formula (30). Using the Poisson formula [

where is the chemical potential, is the electron gas temperature. The factor represents a slowly varying function of in compared with the oscillatory part in the integrand of (32) and its numerical value has the order of unity. When the expression (32) can be written approximately:

where,. Since, so the formula (33) can be rewritten as:

On the

To calculate conductivity of GSL we have to define the energy of electron in the GSL under the quantizing magnetic field. The wave function envelope of the electron is determined from the Schrödinger equation with the Hamiltonian obtained from (2) by replacing, where vector potential is chosen in form. Acting twice with to the wave function we obtain the following equation:

The solution of (35) is found in the view [

Replacing (36) in (35) we have Mathieu equation:

where, ,

. If then following expression for the energy is obtained [

where, functions and have the view:

where is adjoint Laguerre polynomial.

The magnetoconductivity of GSL can be estimated using formula (30) and making there the following changes:

Thus we have:

where, is Fermi-Dirac state function. After some transformations we have:

If temperature is equal to zero then:

In the case of weak magnetic fields when the quantizing is not manifested the graphene magnetoconductivity is seen from the

In strong quantizing magnetic fields for graphene as well as for degenerate bulk semiconductors there are oscillations of the transverse magnetoconductivity due to the nonmonotonic dependence of the density of states on the energy and are periodic in the inverse magnetic field. However the oscillation period is not proportional to than that of materials with a quadratic dispersion law and has a more complicated dependence on. For the gap modification of graphene in the case when the oscillation period is seen from the formulas (34) to be proportional to the difference. Thus the values changing enable to control the magnetoconductivity oscillation period. The same result was obtained in [

In GSL the dependence of the magnetic oscillations on is seen from the formula (43) to be more difficult than that of graphene and bulk semiconductor. Obtaining an explicit view of such dependence is the subject of further research.

For strong magnetic field the nonoscillatory part is seen from the formula (34) to decrease when the magnetic field intensity decreases as unlike the materials with a quadratic dispersion law where in strong magnetic fields [

The work was supported by the RFBR grant No. 10-02- 97001-р_povolgie_а and was performed within the program “The development of science potential of the High Education”.