^{1}

^{1}

Taking the students of Nanchang Normal University as the investigation objects, there is a significant correlation among labor consciousness, labor concept, labor skills and labor habits, and there is a strong positive correlation between them. Taking labor concept, labor skills and labor consciousness as independent variables and labor habits as dependent variables, a regression model is established to predict college students’ labor habits, which provides support for colleges and universities to develop and cultivate college students’ labor habits.

Nowadays, many college students do not pay attention to, are not keen on, or even accept labor education, which is directly related to the weakening of labor education for college students [

1) The transformation of labor education form: Labor education is not limited to geographical location, but has been extended to cyberspace. Guo Zhang [

2) Labor education relies on project transformation. Labor education is not limited in the classroom, not limited in the experimental training room, labor education into social practice and innovation and entrepreneurship practice. Wang Ying and Wang Tao [

3) Labor education from qualitative analysis to quantitative analysis: By collecting and analyzing questionnaires, labor education has changed from qualitative analysis to quantitative analysis. Through the analysis of 761 questionnaires, Du Renjie and Gao Tian [

This paper makes correlation analysis on the influencing factors of labor education, and constructs the influencing factor model, and presents the effectiveness of labor education in the way of quantitative prediction. According to the analysis results of these factors, we can get the path of implementing labor education, and train qualified socialist builders and successors for the society.

The research object of this paper is Nanchang Normal University students’ views and attitudes towards labor education, and the implementation path and effectiveness of labor education.

1) The current situation of college students’ labor education in the new era is summarized;

2) Chi square analysis of influencing factors of college students’ labor education in the new era;

3) Pearson correlation analysis of labor education of college students in the new era;

4) The construction of the model among the influencing factors of college students’ labor education in the new era;

5) The formulation and implementation of labor education program for college students in the new era and the evaluation of its effectiveness.

In order to explore the relationship among college students’ labor consciousness, labor habits and labor skills, construct the influencing factor model of labor education.

1) This paper analyzes the current situation, existing problems and main forms of labor education of college students through literature research.

2) Whether there is a direct relationship between labor consciousness and labor habits.

3) Whether there is a direct relationship between labor habits and labor skills.

4) This paper constructs the labor education model of college students, modifies the parameters of the model, and constructs the modified theoretical model.

5) According to the revised theoretical model of labor education, the training program of labor education for college students in the new era is formulated and implemented.

This study takes the teacher of Nanchang Normal University as the investigation object, uses the questionnaire survey method to collect the sample data, collects data in the form of questionnaire which is self-designed on the basis of consulting a large number of literature and sends out the questionnaire through questionnaire star. 518 questionnaires were collected in the form of online questionnaires, all of which were valid. According to

From

It can be seen from

Question | Option | Frequency | Percentage (%) |
---|---|---|---|

Sex | Female | 190 | 36.7 |

Male | 328 | 63.3 | |

Only child | Yes | 91 | 17.6 |

No | 427 | 82.4 | |

Hometown | Countryside | 300 | 57.9 |

Town | 102 | 19.7 | |

City | 116 | 22.4 |

Variable name | Sample size | Minimum | Maximum | Mean | Standard Deviation |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Labor consciousness | 518 | 1.00 | 5.00 | 2.26 | 0.59 |

Labour habits | 518 | 1.00 | 5.00 | 2.24 | 0.67 |

Labor skills | 518 | 1.00 | 5.00 | 2.45 | 0.55 |

Labor concept | 518 | 1.00 | 5.00 | 2.28 | 0.56 |

Cronbach’s Alpha | Number of Items |
---|---|

0.897 | 4 |

From

It can be seen from

Taking labor concept, labor skills and labor consciousness as input variables, taking labor habits as dependent variables and adopting input method, it can be seen from ^{2} is 0.612, indicating that the interpretation degree of the model is 61.2%. The established model is shown in

Y = − 0.186 + X 1 ∗ 0.209 + X 2 ∗ 0.371 + X 3 ∗ 0.456 (1)

In the formula, X_{1} for the labor consciousness, X_{2} for the labor skills, X_{3} for the labor concept, Y for the labor habits. We can use Formula (1) to predict labor habits, and can take targeted measures to affect a factor or intervene in a factor, so as to affect the labor habits of college students.

By constructing the regression model of labor consciousness, labor concept and labor skills to labor habits, we can find the path to predict labor habits, formulate and implement labor education and training programs suitable for college students in the new era, so as to realize the purpose of “educating people by labor” and contribute to the socialist modernization construction. This paper only discusses the simple regression model, in-depth study needs to introduce a multi-level regression model, in order to measure from multiple perspectives.

Kaiser Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy | 0.926 | |
---|---|---|

Bartlett’s sphericity test | Approximate chi square | 5848.242 |

df | 171 | |

Sig. | 0.000 |

labor consciousness | labor habits | labor skills | labor concept | |
---|---|---|---|---|

labor consciousness | 1 | |||

labor habits | 0.652** | 1 | ||

labor skills | 0.627** | 0.694** | 1 | |

labor concept | 0.723** | 0.734** | 0.718** | 1 |

**There is significant correlation at the level of 0.01 (bilateral), i.e., **p < 0.01.

Model | R | R^{2 } | Adjust R^{2 } | Error of standard estimation |
---|---|---|---|---|

1 | 0.782^{a} | 0.612 | 0.610 | 0.41869 |

Model | square sum | df | mean square | F | Sig. | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | Regression | 142.160 | 3 | 47.387 | 270.311 | 0.000^{a} |

residual | 90.106 | 514 | 0.175 | |||

total | 232.266 | 517 |

a. Predictive variables: (constant), labor concept, labor skills, labor consciousness; b. Dependent variable: labor habits.

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standard coefficient | t | Sig. | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

B | Standard error | Beta | ||||

1 | (constant) | −0.186 | 0.089 | −2.104 | 0.036 | |

labor consciousness | 0.209 | 0.046 | 0.185 | 4.527 | 0.000 | |

labor skills | 0.371 | 0.050 | 0.303 | 7.474 | 0.000 | |

labor concept | 0.456 | 0.054 | 0.383 | 8.397 | 0.000 |

a. Dependent variable: labor habits.

Project supported by Training program for college students (Grant No. S202014437004, S202014437012, 201714437010, 201714437011, 201914437012, 201914437013) and also by the research on teaching reform of Nanchang Normal University (Grant No. JGKT-19-12). Labor education runs through the whole process of innovation and entrepreneurship, stimulates the spirit of the team to bear hardships, and is easy to carry out and complete the project.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Chen, R. and Xie, F.J. (2020) Research on the Influencing Factors of College Students’ Labor Education. Open Access Library Journal, 7: e7073. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1107073