^{1}

^{*}

^{2}

In this paper, we briefly go over the homogeneous 5D model field theory: from the 5D space-time inception, to its quantum field solutions given in terms of Higgs vacuum, filled with magnetic monopole bose fields of all energies. Then through the space dimension reduction projections, the Gell-Mann standard model was obtained as well as a quantum to Classical connection was made via introducing Bose distribution to the monopoles to obtain the Perelman entropy and Ricci Flow mappings. This provided us a picture to the creation of Astronomical objects, from galaxies to stars and planets. This method of splitting the monopole energy into ranges is extended to show that below the basic rest mass range of the electron and Quark, it still can be applied to explaining for the creation of the chemical elements periodic table. But perhaps the most interesting is in the lowest hundreds of Hz energy range, obtained from yet another 3 fold space symmetry breaking, into 2D × 1D, producing bio nitrogenous bases composed of 3 Carbon 12 in hexagon structures, due to preservation of the 1D monopole standing waves of this low frequencies. From that by imposing gauge changes the monopole states into DNA spectra. Since such spectra states retain the DLRO, it induces formation of charge carriers periodicity in a spherical bio cell.. It was then argued that due to cell’s surface proteins, the structure must contain partial filled VB, with “p” state hole density, and empty CB, separated from VB by a positive band gap. Such band structures resemble known HTC Cuprate ceramics. Since the HTC goes through a Superconductivity transition via the simultaneous bose exciton condensation, providing a Coulomb pressure, which reduces the band gap substantially, and induces the ODLRO transition of the hole density. The same obviously applies to the bio cells. Because of the near continuous exciton levels generated, a matching to the DNA spectra then can always occur by selective choices of proteins on the cell surface. Judging from a numerical study, we did years ago on YBCO, with doping. We found with a large enough VB hole density, the exciton induced superconducting gap can easily lead to
*T*
*c* in the room temperature range. In fact by EMF excitation can increase the exciton pressure and trigger the ODLRO transition
*T*
*c* upward. In fact, numerical results then suggest there do exist coherent EMF spectra from three key elements: Water, Carbon and Hydrogen, together with Oxygen, as studied over the years by numerous people, starting from Schr
ödinger to most recently Geesink.

Our advances in knowledge on mathematics, natural sciences, and biological sciences have accelerated since Newton’s theory of gravity, based on principles that do not appear to be linked. In this paper, we hope to show that all these principles for all the areas of our knowledge are in fact linked through mathematical theorems associated with a homogeneous 5D common space-time topology. The complete mathematical understanding of the Electromagnetic Theory was forwarded by Maxwell, by recognizing that the 4 electromagnetic vector potentials are the solutions to that of the 4D homogeneous space-time, which obeys the Fermat’s Last Theorem [

It is the purpose of this paper to both summarize and fill in gaps left not addressed in reference [

As the 5D homogeneous manifold is chargeless, massless, and does not possess time reversal symmetry, all space dimension projections must retain charge neutrality at all time in the reduced 4D Lorentz domain. Therefore, when an electron is created, a proton must also be created. This charge neutrality constrain in the presence of a Coulomb potential, and via the Schrödinger’s equation, leads us to the Bohr model, for atoms, and gives us the periodic table for elements, provided the protons are in the respective nucleus. Since the proton is obtained from the combination of the up, up and down quarks confined by gauge, the protons within a nucleus must also be gauge confined together. That means the gauge loop within the nucleus must be given by a N order knot, looping over all N nucleons within the nucleus. In 3D space, a closed loop uniquely defines a plane in which it encloses, thus a knot can be transformed into a single loop.

Under 4D space, such a knot cannot be transformed into a single 2D loop, as there remains two variables, such that a single 2D plane is not uniquely definable. It is this mathematical topology that allows the gauge invariance to holds the repulsive protons within the nucleus together, similar to the gluons which are tensor products of the EM vector potentials under gauge confinement give raise to most of the nucleon rest mass. Based on the above, the homogeneous 5D quantum field Theory was forwarded by us to explain the origin for the universe, including proving the quantum to classical Perelman-Ricci-Flow and Perelman-entropy mappings [

There remains then, the very low monopole energy region, that is 0 < 2 h ν < 2 m ( e ) c 2 region. It was shown previously that the monopole boson field can exist within a carbon 12 nuclear core, provided it can complete a closed gauge loop via quantum tunneling from carbon core to carbon core. To achieve this gauge loop we had proposed that the process of quantum tunneling is from a nitrogenous base to the next layer nitrogenous base with random ordering and reflected back at the end caps base [

Most astronomers believe in the Big Bang for the beginning of the Universe. It is fascinating to investigate the meaning of this Beginning of Creation.

We had postulated that the Universe is in a homogeneous 5D space-time manifold [

( c t ) 2 = ∑ j = 1 4 x j 2 = r 2 (1)

r is the Fermat’s amplitude, and r^{2} is a positive scaler, spanning “an increasing” space volume.

In fact, this homogeneous 5D manifold has several important physical meanings. Namely: As space is only positive, time can only increase. As the negative “t” root from the quadratic Equation (1) violates causality, when r^{2} spans “the increasing” volume. Hence t only increases. This remark is also valid for the homogeneous 4D Maxwell manifold, giving us that light only propagates outward in time from its source. Thus any fields within the manifold do not have time reversal symmetry. Secondly, the homogeneous manifold contains no net amount of charges of either sign, which means all creations from this homogeneous space-time must maintain net charge neutrality. Thirdly, in order that matter can be created from it by space dimension reduction into a 4D Lorentz manifold, where Einstein’s E = mc^{2} is satisfied, there must exist a corresponding Fermat’s representation in terms of Energy and 4 momenta:

E 2 = ∑ j = 1 4 c 2 p j 2 (2)

Because of Equation (1) and Equation (2), there must exist a unique relationship between time variation to Energy variation, which of course would also define the same variation relationship between space and momentum. This relationship is the uncertainty principle:

δ E δ t ≥ h (3)

Since the Universe started from t = 0, implies it must start from infinite amount of energy. Therefore, it started with a Big Bang.

Now applying the uncertainty principle, the Fermat’s sum of Energy and momenta, becomes a second order homogeneous quadratic differential operator, which means solutions within it must be massless, and 0 net charge waves, but they cannot be electromagnetic waves. As electromagnetic waves are in the homogeneous 4D Maxwell space-time, their existence require the present of an electrical current source.

Hence, the massless wave within the 5D that carries energy only, must be a Boson field with net 0 charge, and according to Maxwell [

+ or − 2 e c μ r (4)

where μ is the magnetic susceptibility.

Where +e and −e are the charge signature of massless spinor, that are solutions to the Dirac linearized differential equation obtained from Equation (2). These massless charged spinors were coined by us [

It is also interesting to observe that 2ec looks like a charge current, and if so should generate electromagnetic waves as represented by photons, yet photons radiation are given as Poynting vectors, which has orthogonal E, H oscillating fields. While as monopole solution, E, H cannot be present. Therefore, in terms of photons, this Boson if it radiates photons, must radiates a 180 degree off-phase photon pair, having energy 2hν and momentum 2hν/c.

However, this Higgs’ Boson is in the BE condensed state, it cannot have a net momentum. Hence, the 2ec is not a charge current, and c is just a parameter not the velocity of photon, hence 2ec represents a magnetic monopole value and does not radiates [

J ( r ) = e c − e c = 0 (5)

This magnetic monopole potential given by Equation (5) is not of the same dimension as the Coulomb potential. While the magnetic monopole potential energy is in the same dimension as the Coulomb potential energy.

In electrodynamics, given in the homogeneous 4D Maxwell manifold, energy is carried by photons emitted from a charged current, which as we mentioned is absent in the homogeneous 5D manifold, hence although the monopole Bosons carry energy, we some time describe this 5D space-time of the Universe as Dark Matter domain, a vacuum filled with the Bose-Einstein condensed Higgs’ bosons. Accordingly, we can define a Bose distribution

1 e h ν ″ k T − 1 (6)

where ν ″ = ν ′ − 2 ν > 0 , and is the frequency of the excited monopole with eigen-energy h ν ′ .

Therefore the vacuum is excited when h ν ″ > 0 , and the BE condensation is broken. We can likewise view the vacuum as providing a quantum potential well:

W = − 4 π ( 2 e c ) 2 μ ( k T N ) 2 c r (7)

where

N = 2 ∑ j = 1 ∞ e − j C j (8)

and C = 2 m ( e ) c 2 / k T .

N comes from integrating h ν ″ / k T from C to infinity. Note N is finite as long as C > 0. This quantum well then represents the energy converted into massive −e charged lepton and +e massive proton. ν ″ being a frequency above 2 ν of a specific Higgs’ field is critical to holding the creation of a massive electron to that required to simultaneously create a proton and possibly also neutrons by the separation of e and −e in the monopole, such that charge neutrality can be maintained at all time t, despite the proton and neutron creation needs the creation of the SU(3) generators: 2/3e; 2/3e and −1/3e. Hence to be simultaneous must be obtained from at least different Higgs’ field [see chapter 8, of reference 5 for detail]. It should be emphasized that the creating of a complete set of quarks requires energy equivalent to m(q)c^{2}, where m(q) is the bare quark mass.

Since the quarks are obtained by the conformal projection P1, from the 4th space dimension onto any other remaining 3 space dimensions. With 3 quark generators, there are therefore 4 × 4 × 4 different choices of the P1 projections. Or that we require at least 64 different energy Higgs’ bosons. Each contributes at least m(e)c^{2} due to the 3 P1 choices to create simultaneously the proton. Hence the ratio of m ( q ) / m ( e ) = 4 × 4 × 4 . In another word m ( q ) c 2 = 64 × m ( e ) c 2 , which is 32 MeV. In agreement to the value we obtained from the experimentally measured and model calculated hadron masses [

Therefore within the 4D Lorentz domain, the total ensemble averaged energy of the projections created masses satisfies

〈 E 〉 T + W = 0 (9)

This new law allows the 5D Universe to start with infinite energy as is given by the Big Bang, and simultaneous provide with a negative infinite W, when no mass is present C was 0, when t = 0 , giving us that the Universe creation is from a very philosophical absolute NOTHING, with no space and no time.

Based on Equation (8) we have published an article [

Giving us a further topological understanding on the processes and time sequence of different sizes galaxies, stars and planets creation in their respective 4D Lorentz space-time domains out from the 5D homogeneous space-time manifold.

As masses moves within the Lorentz space-time, their energies and momenta must be expressed in covariant form, hence leading us to formulate the Lorentz domain in terms of covariant Riemannian curvatures, thus establishes Einstein’s General Relativity [^{2}, thus not possible as we discussed in ref. [

We have discussed the monopole with energy above 2m(e)c^{2}, which are convertible into electrons and nucleons, yet conserving charge neutrality in the 4D Lorentz domain. That leaves us the low energy range 0 < 2 h ν < 2 m ( e ) c 2 . In the analysis of the excitation from the Higgs’ vacuum filled with Higgs’ DLRO Bosons with all energy values, that the simple Bose distribution from the excitation of the vacuum will result in N being infinite at the lower limit h ν ″ = 0 . Physically, this means the vacuum cannot be excited, at any temperature T. By that it can only means all such 1D monopole states must be time frozen, and is a standing wave, or that it is in a closed loop, being achieved by two parallel and opposite wave propagation. It is the first one, that allows for such a standing wave to exist within a time frozen 4D space void core. For a carbon 12 nucleus, its dimension restricts the monopole frequency to exceed the electron rest mass correspondence. Hence, in order to accommodate the range we need quantum tunneling from C to C along a line to happen, which is okay, as the monopole is a DLRO Boson. Such a process for accommodating low frequency monopole states can be achieved by introducing a set of 4 nitrogenous bases. The fact that there is 4 and only 4 such possible bases, came from in obtaining a 2D plane out of a 4D space, we have 4!/2! = 12, which must in turn obey the remainder 3D space orientation invariance. The length of the nitrogenous bases stacking out of all possible orderings, then gives us the structure of a RNA, with one of the nitrogenous base identified as the end cap, which two faces have different properties: namely, transmitting and the other non-transmitting. Since the stacking can be separated arbitrarily with none carbon base layers in between, such a DLRO monopole wave can have frequencies within the low range we desire. But it however does not produce a quantum flux of h/2e. On the other hand, if we combine two parallel RNAs, but replace the end cap nitrogenous base to one that not only reflects on one side but also reflects the monopole wave into the adjacent RNAi. The index “I” is meant to signal the end cap replaced. Under this result, we form a DNA. Although the choices of stacking are fixed for all DNAs, but due to the infinite choices of the separating gap layers, there are infinite different spectra possible. And this monopole wave completes a closed loop, hence always gives us the quantum flux h/2e. The flux quantization is vital, if cells in life forms derive its growth from matching the DNAs spectrum with the charge carriers in the cell go through an ODLRO superconducting phase transition [

Since the free charge carriers in a solid requires a periodic elemental structure, so that conduction and valence bands can be computed. One can generally group the carrier properties as follows: 1) metal, where there is a partially electron orbital filled CB conduction band. In short, the Fermi level cuts through the conduction band. 2) A hole carrier conductor. There the Fermi level cuts through the VB the valence band, leaving a net fraction of VB orbitals vacant. The Cuprate high Tc ceramics belongs to this class of conductors. 3) A completely filled VB and a completely empty CB, separated by a small band gap energy G. Such a system is a semi-conductor, when electrons from VB are excited into CB. 4) When G is large compared with excitation energy available, it is an insulator. Actually even when excitation can be activated, the opposite charges left behind in VB and CB can bind by Coulomb potential and thus form a discrete exciton level within the band gap G. It will still be an insulator. 5) For the Cuprate ceramic having a partially filled VB [

The chemical periodic table is based on the Bohr’s model. To clearly understand let us consider the simplest two atoms H and Li. The atomic orbitals for H is 1s, and for Li is 2s. For Li, we have 3 protons and 2 neutrons in the nucleus. Therefore, we must have 3 electrons also. Note all stable atoms are charge neutral and are Bosons, because they must be composed of even number of Fermions. If we ionized Li by removing the 2s orbital, the change in the atomic binding is −R/2^{2}, corresponding to an energy gain of [1/4]R. While if we consider the binding of the nucleus to the remaining 2, 1s orbitals after the outer 2s is removed, we have 2 × [−2R] = −4R. The factor −2R comes from the effective nucleus charge seen by each 1s electron, after the outer 2s electron is removed, thus changing the Coulomb potential between each remaining electron with the nucleus. As compared to the non-ionized case, where we simply have −2R, due to Pauli Exclusion principle for the 2 1s electrons, since we must treat all 3 electrons as seeing the same Coulomb field, otherwise they are distinguishable, and the outermost orbital would not be 2s. There is an extra binding of −2R. This extra energy makes the total energy gain of [9/4]R. Hence resulting in a net change of [9/4]R > [1/4]R. Furthermore, the ionized Li is no longer a Boson, unless the nucleus lost a neutron also. The initial homogeneous 5D quantum representation only allows for a DLRO Higgs vacuum, making the retaining of Boson fields under excitation a quantum condition. According to thermal ensemble equilibrium condition: that always minimizes the energy value, the ionized Li state is unfavored. Including the Boson requirement, the elements in the periodic table must be formed right below the leptons, hadrons creation. With the energy shift dominated by the number of nucleons in the element. Meaning the atomic formation favors charge neutrality, and which means atoms are formed under simultaneous charge neutrality as electrons and nucleons are formed by the projections Po and P1, from the homogeneous 5D manifold into the 4D Lorentz manifold where they exist. It is interesting to see that this thermal energy difference corresponding to a value of 2R is an unfavored photon EMF shift of extra 2R, as compared to the favored EMF shift of [1/4]R. Therefore this interesting charge neutrality condition can be seen as dividing the EMF spectra into coherent and de-coherent values in the chemical elements formation. Except for the chemical elements, the EMF spectra is more than two order higher than those of the bio cells molecules, such as water, given by Hans Geesink’s papers. In fact the periodic table elements creation is distinctly a separate energy range below the leptons and hadrons formation obtained via the space reduction projections Po and P1, yet far above the bio EMF range. Making the presents of life forms on planets very restrictive and rare. Nonetheless the same coherent, de-coherent analysis for the much lower EMF spectra still remains, and applicable to the creating of bio-molecules, when the projected 4D space to 3D space symmetry can be further reduced to 2D × 1D space as is the space symmetry for RNA and DNA. This restricts the planet’s surface Temperature to a very narrow range governed by the liquid phase of water, as water together with carbon 12, and Hydrogen, in replacement to proton, neutron and electron in atoms, due to fractal representation play the most important key roles in the maintenance of Bose monopole DLRO for the bio EMF coherent spectra. {We like to mention the mass energy for Hydrogen as compared to water is 1/18, while the electron to the proton is 1/64 = 1/4^{3}, coming from 4 choices to select the 4th space coordinate to be projected onto the remaining 3 coordinates, and the power 3 is from the symmetry of the 3 remaining space coordinates. The increases of (2/3)^{2} × 2^{3} times as the electron is replaced by Hydrogen, is due to breaking of 3D space symmetry to 2D × 1D, starting from a 5D homogeneous manifold. The 2/3 factor comes from a 2D plane selected from 3D space; the square factor is from the quadratic Fermat’s sum, while the 2^{3} comes from the three orthogonal normals to the planes. We still need to define the 2D geometric form. On the carbon 12 nucleus surface, the form is given by the 3 hexagons. Each hexagon is formed by 3 equilateral triangles on one side as given in the nitrogenous bases, which in terms of the SU(3) generators or carbon is given by (2/3)^{3}, so that the DLRO of the monopole bosons can be linked via quantum tunneling in order to extend the mapping to lower EMF values; while we have 3 such equilateral triangles, hence we have exactly (2/3)^{3} × 3 = 8/9; which then gives us Oxygen. As a result all bio lives are built from water, carbon, hydrogen plus oxygen.} Such Low EMF spectra derived for bio systems was first suggested by Schrödinger, and now extensively analyzed by many bio-physicists. The EMF obtained from water is based on the molecular rotation of 432 Hz, which is available only in the liquid phase, thus lives are limited to the water liquid phase Temperature range. In agreement with our Bose distribution approach as we divide the EMF value into separate ranges so as to connect the projected space symmetry to that of Perelman’s Ricci-Flow and entropy mappings, and limiting the thermal requirement on the existence of Life forms on a planet. It is this stringent limitation that made Earth a rather unique planet within the solar system.

In a recent article by Geesink, Jerman and Meijer [

E ( n , m , p ) = h w ( r e f ) 2 n 3 m ( 2 p ) (10)

where w(ref) is a cell specific frequency.

n = 0 , 0.5 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 7 , 8 , − 1 , − 3 , − 4 , − 6 , − 7.

m = 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , − 1 , − 2 , − 3 , − 4 , − 5.

p = < − 4 , − 4 , − 3 , − 2 , − 1 , 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , > 52.

We have proposed a 5D model theory for Life [_{2}O and Carbon ratio is exactly 1 to 2/3; (EMF of water: 432 Hz, see [

In order that an ODLRO transition on the bio cell’s hole carriers can occur in match to the DLRO monopole bosons spectra for the gauge loops of the DNA, a band structure with empty CB and partially filled VB with “p” holes, must be established for the bio cell. All bio cells have a spherical surface covered with proteins. Thus the surface satisfies the periodic boundary requirement for the existence of a band structure. As all proteins contains hexagonal carbon structures, and with the n = 2, 2p, 2s outer orbitals for Carbon, the hexagon structure will give rise to a partially filled “p” orbitals as the Fermi level cuts through the VB, and depending on the rest an empty CB, separated from VB with a positive band gap G. Such a band structure resembles the YBCO HTC band structure [

E ′ ( e x ) = a R n 2 + b R * ( m − 1 / 2 ) 2 (11)

where n, m are ± integers, except 0. R and R^{*} are the respective Rydberg constants. a, b are the dimension mixing. The above E ′ ( e x ) , can be rewritten as

E ′ ( e x ) = 4 { a R ( 2 n ) 2 + b R * ( 2 m − 1 ) 2 } (12)

The correct E ′ ( e x ) in the EEM theory is given in Equation (6) of ref. [

This expression nonetheless shows that the E ′ ( e x ) levels are a mixture of even and odd integers. However they are NOT the n, m powers shown in Equation (10). We use the same notations just to show that there is always a match to the DNA spectrum possible. They simply represent two infinite sets of DLRO bosons that can be coupled to the “p” hole carriers to induce the ODLRO transition, so as to match the DNA spectra. We refer to ref. [^{−7} eV. The smaller the effective G^{*} is, the larger will be the induced ODLRO E(ex) becomes. The photon frequency corresponding to G^{*} = 10^{−7} eV. is roughly 10^{−3} G^{*} according to the numerical fitting results in [^{*} is so small, the discrete E ′ ( e x ) levels becomes continuous and these excitons mathematically becomes similar to the monopoles within the Higgs’ vacuum, with frequencies in the 100s of Hz. And the induced hole-hole pairing obeys the SU(3), SU(2) symmetries exactly like the elements periodic tables we obtained from the Gell-Mann standard model. And the function F ( n ; m − 1 / 2 ) becomes F ′ ( 2 n ; 2 m + 1 ) , where n, m are all plus and minus integers. Since F represents | d E ′ ( e x ) | it represents the EMF induced infinite possible number of E ′ ( e x ) level to level transitions. Hence F(n, m) with matching to the DNA can become roughly E o 2 − n 3 − m . As any integer powers of 3 remains odd, and all but 0 powers of 2 is even, thus satisfies E ′ ( e x ) .

The EEM induced ODLRO binding energy gap E(ex) which is due to the energy saving by the hole-hole pairing is thus given by matching those of the DNA:

E ( e x ) = E f 2 F ( n , m ) ≅ h w ( r e f ) 2 n 3 m (13)

See [

The Ef.Ef term comes from the energies of the hole pairs on the Fermi surface, while F(n, m) is in the denominator is a second order perturbation correction to the total Cooper pair energy. Due to 5D projection, E(ex) match to the DNA spectra must retain the SU(3) and SU(2) geometry symmetry, as we saw in Water and Carbon. Of course, E(ex) is only part of the Cooper pair binding gap. The total binding gap must include the phonon induced BCS term. Giving us the total superconducting transition gap

E ( S ) = { E ( phonon ) 2 + E ( e x ) 2 } 1 / 2 (14)

The phonon induced gap E(phonon) does not have quantum levels and is a pure constant, which we can assign as the power n = 0 from the 2^{n} EMF spectra. With these two orthogonal sum terms for E(S), and the exciton state is dominated by the 2D atomic spectra, with the 3D fraction a ≪ b and also depends on the level n, plus the + and − series difference due to the CB and VB carrier masses in assigning F(n; m) we can get to the same results as observed by Geesink et al. except for n = 0.5. Such a spectrum can only be associated to the E(phonon) gap component as applied to the CB electrons, as the 3D exciton ground state energy behaves like the ionic mass in the BCS electron superconductor. The Tc depends roughly as a function of Nf^{*}/Nf, where Nf is the Fermi level hole density before the excitation of creating exciton and Cooper pair. The smaller this ratio, the higher the Tc. It is experimentally verified as the Tc isotope dependence [

The highest Tc found in HTC ceramics is around 125K. In order we have Tc in the room temperature range requires a 50% increase from the ceramics. Hence this can occur if the water rotation states given in Equation (10), in T above freezing contributes at least equally to that from the Excitonic gap. Implying water EMF plays a significant role in inducing the growth of bio cells.

Lastly, the EMF series (2^{p}), with symmetry between + and − p integers could very well be from the rotational states of water molecules on the cell, that can separately induced a Cooper pairing of the VB hole carriers, without the formation of a localized exciton. And due to second order perturbation correction we get a third E(S) gap enhancement, on top of those of the lattice phonon coupling, hence is nearly 3D symmetric.

A completely microscopic superconductivity field theory based on EEM was published and compared extensively to results of many different HTC cuprate ceramics [^{p}) series shows both the Tc enhancement to bio cells, leading to growth by the presence of EMF coming from photon energy within the life form body, and the presence of water molecules on the bio cell are essential.

We have briefly reviewed all physical results derived from the dimension reduction mappings from the homogeneous 5D space-time Universe into 4D Lorentz space-time domains where all matters exist. Starting with the creating of the BE condensed Higgs’ vacuum, filled with Maxwell’s Bose magnetic monopole states, to the realization of the electro-weak leptons, the Gell-Mann Quark model with gauge confinement has led to the 8-fold way hadron results, and proved the McGlinn theorem [

We like to thank Professor Hans Geesink for many private communications and providing us with his recent preprints. And we sincerely thank Ms. Winnie So for typing and careful review of the manuscript.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Wong, K.W. and Chow, W.K. (2020) A Creation Model from the Gell-Mann Standard Model to the Creation of Bio Cells: Based on the Assumption of Homogeneous 5D Space-Time Universe. Journal of Modern Physics, 11, 1058-1074. https://doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2020.117067