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A. B. Metzner and J. C. Reed, “Flow of Non-Newtonian Fluids—Correlation of the Laminar, Transition, and Turbulent-Flow Regions,” A.I.Ch.E. Journal B1, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1995, pp. 434-440.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Spray Atomization and Structure of Supersonic Liquid Jet with Various Viscosities of Non-Newtonian Fluids

    AUTHORS: Jeung Hwan Shin, Inchul Lee, Heuydong Kim, Jaye Koo

    KEYWORDS: Two-Stage Light Gas gun; Projectile Impact; Non-Newtonian Fluid; Supersonic Liquid Jet; Shock Wave; SMD

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics, Vol.2 No.4A, January 2, 2013

    ABSTRACT: These experimental investigations are designed to study shock wave characteristics and spray structure. Supersonic liq- uid jets injected into ambient fields are empirically studied using projectile impacts in a two-stage light gas gun. This study looks primarily at the design of the nozzle assembly, the tip velocity of the high speed jet, the structure of the spray jet and the shock wave generation process. The supersonic liquid jets were visualized using an ultra high-speed camera and the schlieren system for visualization to quantitatively analyze the shock wave angle. The experimental re- sults with straight cone nozzle types and various non-Newtonian fluid viscosities are presented in this paper. The effects of nozzle geometry on the jet behavior are described. The characteristics of the shock wave generation and spray jet structure were found to be significantly related to the nozzle geometry. The expansion gases accelerated the projectile, which had a mass of 6 grams, from 250 m/s. As a result, it was found that the maximum jet velocity appeared in the liquid jet with high viscosity properties. Supersonic liquid jets, which occurred at the leading edge the shock waves and the compression waves in front of the jets, were observed. Also, the shock waves significantly affected the atomization process for each spray droplet.