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C. F. Knutson, “Developments in Oil Shale in 1989,” AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 74, 1990, pp. 372-379

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Development of Radio Frequency Heating Technology for Shale Oil Extraction

    AUTHORS: Yi Pan, Lizhi Xiao, Can Chen, Shuangchun Yang

    KEYWORDS: oil shale; shale oil; radio frequency heating; microwave

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol.2 No.2, March 31, 2012

    ABSTRACT: With the shortage of energy and the rise of crude oil in the world, the development of oil shale is gaining more attention globally. To solve the problem of traditional heat conduction with low efficiency and high cost for oil shale, a new technology called radio frequency (RF) heating (microwave heating) is introduced in this paper. Radio frequency electromagnetic (microwave) can do work directly on medium molecule of oil shale and change into heat energy, the transmission of which allows both inner and outer molecules heating simultaneously without heat conduction. Meanwhile, oil shale is a poor microwave absorbing material and microwave absorbents must be added to reach pyrolysis temperature. By this means, shale oil could be heated at a higher speed and kerogen will gradually be cracked into gas and oil. Then shale oil and gas will flow into the production wells through fractures generated by heating and be pumped up to the surface.