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M. Ghafori and B. Ghobadian, “Bio-Nano-Carbon Fuel for Diesel Engines,” Iranian Patent No. 67896, 2010.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Developmental Trends of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems at TMU Laboratories

    AUTHORS: Barat Ghobadian

    KEYWORDS: Biomass; Bioenergy; Biofuels; Biodiesel; Feedstocks

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, Vol.2 No.2, June 18, 2012

    ABSTRACT: This paper describes a brief review of biodiesel R & D developmental trends at Tarbiat Modares University (TMU) bio- energy research laboratories (lab.), Tehran, Iran. The developmental trends at includes potential and feasibility study, cultivation of a sample bioenrgy farm, technology innovation and its scale up (patents) for fuel processing, and finally the fuel application in diesel engines. A national investigation was carried out to find out the possible potential of sustainable feedstock for biodiesel production. The results showed that easily available biodiesel feedstock is waste cooking oil with a maximum potential of 750 mil.lit and an approximately 350 mil.lit. of collectable waste cooking oil. A castor oil plant farm was cultivated to harvest castor plant seeds, extract its oil, produce biodiesel fuel and use it in diesel engines. This led to a series of patent and consequently technology innovation from 7 lit. lab. scale to semi-continuous, semi-industrial scale of 2 ton capacity.