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P. E. Wendell, “Introduction to environmental engineer-ing and science,” Prentice Hall, 3rd ed. ISBN, No. 0–13–148193–2, 2007.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Measuring Salinity within Shallow Piezometers:Comparison of Two Field Methods

    AUTHORS: Enrico Balugani, Marco Antonellini

    KEYWORDS: Coastal Aquifer, Salt-Water Intrusion, Piezometers, Monitoring

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol.2 No.3, April 6, 2010

    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to understand the validity of salinity vertical profiles collected from shallow piezometers that are not previously flushed. This study shows that salinity data collected from boreholes are only an average value along the entire screened section of the piezometer. In order to collect data that is rep-resentative for the salinity of the adjacent aquifer, a new monitoring strategy has been developed. This strat-egy includes measurement of the salinity at the top of the watertable in an auger hole which is a shallow boreholes made with an handheld drill. This should be combined with measurements in piezometers that are first flushed to take out stagnant water. From the piezometers on can measure the average salinity of the screened part and the salinity at the bottom of the aquifer. By using this monitoring strategy it is also possi-ble to define where the piezometers screens are located if this is not known beforehand.